Info

icons, modern revival of interest in, 590 interiority, Armenian spirituality based on, 4i2

lay piety, modern renewal of, 589-90 'martyrdom' spirituality, 582-3 monasticism, modern revival of, 586, 590 patristics, Russian revival of study of,587-8 sobornost, 357, 585 Spyridion, St, 2i7

Spyridon (patriarch of Antioch), 245 Stalin, Joseph, 45i, 452, 547, 549, 550, 559,

StaSniloae, Dumitru, 566, 588

Staritskaia, Evfrosinia, 264, 268

state control of church. See church and state, relationship of Statute of Vladimir, 256

Stavroniketa, Athonite monastery of, i66, i68 Stavrovetsky, Kyryl Tranquillon, 308 Stefan (Bulgarian exarch), 562 Stefan (Iavorskii), Russian bishop, 326, 327 Stefan Nemanja (Sava), i5-i7, i8

Stefan ofPerm, St, 44, 46, 47, 268 Stefan of Serbia (brother of Stefan

Nemanja/Sava), 16 Stefanescu, J. D., 128 Step'anos IV (Armenian king), 420 Step'anos (Orbelian), Armenian archbishop,

421, 425 Stephanites, 469

Stoglav (One Hundred Chapters), 256, 274, 297, 316

Stolypin, Piotr, 344

Stragorodskii, Sergii, 341, 346, 545, 553, 559, 560

Strelitzas, Constantine, 98

Strelitzas, Theophanes, 166

strigol'niki or Shearers, 259, 294

Styliane (daughter of Michael Psellos), 83, 91

Stylos monastery on Mount Latros, 155

suicides of Old Believers, 322

Sukhanov, Arsenii, 217,315

Sulaka, Yuhanna, 527 Sulayman (shah), 433

Siileyman I the Magnificent (sultan), 164,167,

183,184 Sumarokov, A. P., 329 Sunday School Movement in Coptic

Christianity, 495, 501, 504, 505, 583, 590 Sunni doctrine, 376,381, 423 superordinate centers, 12, 33 superstition. See folk customs and superstitions, persistence of Sureneanc', Georg, 450 Sureneanc', Vardges, 448 surgUn (compulsory resettlement), Ottoman practice of,i7i, 174 Surma, Lady, 524 Sus, Sambata de, 566 Susenyos (Ethiopian ruler), 463, 476, 477 Suvorov, A. A., 33i

Suzdal, Intercession (Pokrovskii) monastery in, 299 Sylvester (pope), 416, 431 Sylvester (patriarch of Alexandria), 167 Sylvester the Cypriot (patriarch of Antioch), 2i3, 224, 226, 227, 228 Sylvester (Kosov), metropolitan of Kiev, 312 symbolists in Russia, 366 Symeon the New Theologian, St, 64, 91,102, i03, 587

Symeon I (ecumenical patriarch), 175,185 Symeon (metropolitan of Alania), 24 Symeon (father of Stefan Nemanja or Sava), i5, i7

Symeon Metaphrastes, 141

Symeon of Thessalonike, 96

Syntaxis of the Mother of God, icon of,28i

Syria

Arab nationalism and patriarchate of

Antioch, 245 arabisation of, 390,391 Jacobites in, 377 Mamluk sultanate in, 388 Melkites in, 377 Mongols in, 386,387 Syriac Christianity of modern Middle East, 511 Chaldean Church, 526-31, 534 Church of the East. See Church of the East diaspora of. See under diaspora of Orthodox ecumenical dialogue amongst churches,

53i-5

Indian Syriac churches. See India Maronites, 519-23 Syrian Catholic Church, 515-19 Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobites), 512-14 Syriac Christianity of pre-modern Middle

East. See Islam, eastern Christianities under

Syriac speakers, arabisation of, 391-2 Syrian Catholic Church, 515-19 Syrian Orthodox Church modern, 512-14 pre-modern. See Jacobites the Syrians (Deir al-Surianî), Coptic monastery of,492, 507, 508

Takla Giyorgis II (Ethiopian ruler), 475 Takla Haymanot (Ethiopian religious movement) and Saiga doctrine christological controversy, 464, 465, 466, 478-82

historical overview, 464, 465, 466 monasteries and royal court, tension between, 468, 470 royal church, institution of,473, 474 Takla Haymanot (king of Gojjam), 475 Takla Haymanot (monk), 468, 470, 478 Tamara (Queen of Georgia), 6 Tamerlane, 286

Tanzimat era in Armenian Christianity, 444-5 Tappuni, Ignatius Gabriel, 517 Tarberuni, Yovhannës, 426 Tatars. See also Golden Horde; Mongols conversion to Orthodox Christianity, 24 holy synod in Russia, treatment of

Muslims under, 330, 33i Kulikovo, Rus stand at (1380), 43, 253, 254

tribute collected from Rus by, i0, 28, 32, 292 Vicina devastated by, 25 Tat'ew, Armenian monastery of, 437 Tat'ewac'i, Grigor, 428 tawahedo (union), Ethiopian christological concept of, 459 taxes on non-Muslims Copts, 489, 49i under Ottomans ecumenical patriarchate's financial obligations towards Ottoman state, i75-8

kharadj, conversion to Islam as way of relieving, i8i patriarchal taxes, i79-80 temperance campaigns of Russian Church,

344, 345

templon development of iconostasis from, 283 in late Byzantine Empire, 85, i33-4 Teoktist (Romanian patriarch), 576 T'eodor of K'esun, 409 Teer-Minasean, Eruand, 448 Teer-MkrtcSean, Karapet, 448 Terletsky, Kyryl, 304

Tewodros II (Ethiopian ruler), 466, 475, 480-i

Tewoflos (Ethiopian bishop), 485

Tewoflos (Ethiopian ruler), 464

theatre in Russia, 360

Theodora, St, 89

Theodore Angelos ('emperor' of

Thessalonike), i6 Theodore Bar Wahbun, 4i7 Theodore of Blakhernai, i24, i25 Theodore of Stoudios, i50 Theodore the Younger, St, i82 Theodoretos (candidate of Olgerd for, metropolitan of all Rhosia), 29 Theodoretos of Vresthena, 23i Theodote, mother of Michael Psellos, 9i Theognostos (metropolitan of all Rhosia), 29, 283

Theognostos (metropolitan of Sarai), 23 Theoleptos I (ecumenical patriarch), i83 Theoleptos of Philadelphia, i08, ii3 Theophanes (patriarch ofJerusalem), i98,305, 306, 308

Theophanes the Confessor, i07 Theophanes the Greek (Feofan Grek), 287-8 Theorianos, 4i3 Theotokis, Nikephoros, 205 Third Rome, Moscow viewed as, 9, i0, 272, 274, 540,582

Thirteen Years War (1654-1667), 312 Thomas Agni de Lentino, 418 Thomas Aquinas

Armenian translations of, 424, 425 Barlaam on, 63 Gennadios' use of,77, 78 Kydones brothers and, 66-9, 70 Thomas Tomasevic (last king of Bosnia), 164 Three Births faith. See Takla Haymanot and

Saiga doctrine Tikhomirov, Savva (Russian bishop), 333 Tikhon (Bellavin), Russian patriarch, 325, 347,

558, 559

Tikhonitskii, Vladimir, 548

'Time of Troubles' (1598-1613), Russia, 253,

Timothy I (Nestorian catholicos), 378

Tismana, monastery at, 33

Tito, 577-8

Tlay, Grigor, 413

Tocco family of Epiros, 70

Toktamysh's raid of 1382, 287

toleration edict of 1905 (Russia), 342, 346,347,

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