The union of Lyons cast its shadow over Orthodox relations with the west.22 It was remembered as having been imposed by the emperor 'through the use of force and against the general will'.23 It confirmed the stereotype of the
21 A. Papadakis, Crisis in Byzantium: the filioque controversy in the patriarchate of Gregory II of Cyprus (1283-1289) (New York: Fordham University Press, 1983).
22 A. E. Laiou, Constantinople and the Latins: the foreign policy of Andronicus II1282-1328 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1972).
23 PG 151,1334A.
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