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He who slaughters for the sake of the sun, for the sake of the moon, for the sake of the stars, for the sake of the planets, for the sake of Michael, prince of the great host, and for the sake of the small earth-worm29 lo, this is deemed to be flesh deriving from the sacrifices of corpses.30 The Babylonian Talmud sought to comprehend the difference in the terminology of the Mishnah and Tosefta, i.e., the unfit slaughter of the Mishnah and the sacrifices of corpses ( for the dead) of the...

Editorial Statement

Judaism and Christianity share much of a heritage. There has been a good deal of interest of late in this phenomenon, examining both this common heritage, as well as the elements unique to each religion. There has, however, been no systematic attempt to present findings relative to both Jewish and Christian tradition to a broad audience of scholars. It is the purpose of the proposed series to do just that. Jewish and Christian Perspectives will publish studies that are relevant to both...

Prayers Of Jews To Angels And Other Mediators In The First Centuries Ce

Meir Bar-Ilan (Bar-Ilan University, Israel) It has been claimed that angels with divine power have no place in Judaism, a monotheistic religion, as the strength of such a religion lies in the exclusivity of the divinity.1 Angels can thus be no more than messengers, fulfilling God's commandments. Indeed, in traditional Jewish prayer there appears to be no mention of the status of angels in general, nor of their role as intermediaries in prayer in particular. On the surface, the Siddur, or prayer...

Rabbi Abbahu Miracles Of Healing

Only for the sin of neglect of Torah study 50 No monuments need be erected for the righteous their words are their memorial 51 Consequently, Torah scholars are righteous. Notwithstanding this, the use of the terminology of tzaddikim, instead of the accepted terms hakham (sage), Talmid hakham (Torah scholar), or rav (rabbi), is not incidental. This term usually alludes to a slightly different facet of the world and activity of the Rabbis. The Tannaitic sources, and a bit later, the Amoraic...

Introduction

In the framework of ongoing cooperation between Bar-Ilan University and Catholic Theological University of Utrecht, there have taken place a number of conferences examining issues of vital importance to both Judaism and Christianity and focusing upon the overall theme of holiness. The results of these conferences have been published in the joint series of both Universities entitled Jewish and Christian Perspectives (www.biu.ac.il js rennert jcp). This conference will continue to examine this...

Holy Men And Rabbis In Talmudic Antiquity

David Levine Hebrew University, Israel How does a community define its religious focus What place in society occupies the center of spiritual attention Phrased in the idiom of historians of religion What is the primary locus of the supernatural within a culturally defined group Classical antiquity locates its divinities in temples, with priests or other officials administering the usually sacrificial ritual. This cultural map underwent a fundamental change. Jonathan Z. Smith speaks of late...

Biblical Period

Dura Europos Moses Well Beer

DIVINE VERSUS HUMAN LEADERSHIP AN EXAMINATION OF JOSHUA'S SUCCESSION Elie Assis Bar-Ilan University, Israel In this paper we attempt to examine the topic of leadership as it is presented in the narratives of Joshua's succession. These narratives may contribute to a better understanding of this issue since Moses is Israel's first leader and a biblical role model. It is told that Moses led the Israelites during their formative years as a nation, taking them out of Egypt, and shepherding them...

Rabbinic Holy

Chana Safrai and Zeev Safrai Bar-Ilan University, Israel One of the most important socio-religious functions of religious leaders has always been to mediate between God or the gods and His flesh-and-blood creations. The religious functionary is an exalted individual, possessing supernatural qualities of one type or another. This capability is acquired, but at times is a natural quality imparted by the grace of God. By force of this attribute, the religious leader is capable of providing society...