The Metaphysics of Theism

Print ISBN 9780199246533, 2001 pp. [viii]

Rowe, and Richard Sorabji all read the whole manuscript, at their own request. If they hadn't volunteered, they would have been recruited. I found their detailed written comments invaluable. And I will never forget Hughes's brilliant, hours-long, critical talk with me about one of the lectures just before I delivered it.

As soon as I had a rough draft of any part of this book, I sent it first to Eleonore Stump, as I've done with everything I've written for two decades and more. With this book, as with all those many other things, she helped me more than I can say. Beginning in the years when she was my student at Cornell, I've learned more from her than from anyone else I know. The first impetus toward everything I'm trying to do in this book and its proposed sequels stems from her. And so I'm very pleased to be able to dedicate it to her, my co-worker and my friend.

Norman Kretzmann

January 1996

end p.viii

Kretzmann, Norman , (deceased) formerly Susan Linn Sage Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Cornell University, New York

The Metaphysics of Theism

Print ISBN 9780199246533, 2001 pp. [ix]

Contents

Abbreviations xii Introduction 1

1. Aims of this book 1

2. Attitudes toward natural theology 3

3. Alston on natural theology 5

4. The Reformed Objection to Natural Theology' 9

5. Conclusion 20

One. Theology from the Bottom Up 23

1. Theology and philosophy 23

2. Theology in philosophy 25

3. Aquinas's work 27

4. ST and catholica Veritas 29

5. ST and sacra doctrina 32

6. Sacra doctrina and natural theology 39

7. The purpose of SCG 43

8. The pedagogical motivation for SCG 47

9. Summa phiiosophica 51 Two. The God of the Self-Movers 54

1. The place of existence arguments in natural theology 54

2. How Aquinas sets the stage for natural theology in SCG 55

3. The arguments for God's existence in SCG 1.13 60

4. The structure of G2 64

5. The stages of G2 65 Three. The Existence of Alpha 84

1. Orientation 84

2. How to proceed 86

3. How Aquinas proceeds in SCG 88

4. Two presuppositions of Aquinas's procedure 90

5. A third presupposition: the eliminative method 91

6. The existence of Alpha 95

end p.ix

Kretzmann, Norman , (deceased) formerly Susan Linn Sage Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Cornell University, New York

The Metaphysics of Theism

Print ISBN 9780199246533, 2001 PP- [x]

Four. From Independence to Perfection 113

1. Reorientation 113

2. The eliminative method and argument G6 116

3. Applying the results of the eliminative method to Alpha generally 117

4. Eliminating the distinction between Alpha's nature and being 121

5. The metaphysics of Exodus 128

6. Alpha's separateness, God's transcendence 129

7. Perfection 131

8. Concluding observations 138 Five. From Perfection to Infinity 139

1. Methodology 139

2. The extensive aspect of absolute perfection 140

3. The introduction of terminological sameness 142

4. Likeness and agent causation generally 144

5. Univocal and equivocal causation 147

6. The sun as an equivocal cause 150

7. God as partly univocal, partly equivocal cause 154

8. Goodness, uniqueness, and infinity 158

9. God's uniqueness 160 10. God's infinity 165

Six. Intellect 169

1. Simplicity and other attributes 169

2. Intellect's place in the extensive aspect of universal perfection 173

3. Intellectivity, reason, and wisdom 175

4. The argument from perfection 181

5. The intellectivity argument 184

6. Behind the scenes of the intellectivity argument 194 Seven. Will 197

1. Will and personhood 197

2. The universal appetite for good 199

3. Will as intellective appetite for what is good 201

4. Arguments from intellect 203

5. Will, goodness, and freedom 208

6. Determinate, static, choiceless volition in God 213

7. God's willing of other things 217

end p.x

Kretzmann, Norman , (deceased) formerly Susan Linn Sage Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Cornell University, New York

The Metaphysics of Theism

Print ISBN 9780199246533, 2001 pp. [xi]

8. Freedom of choice and motives for choosing 220

9. The Dionysian principle and the necessitarian explanation of creation 223 Eight. Joy, Love, and Liberality 226

1. Passions and attitudes 226

2. Intellective attitudes 231

3. God's pleasure and joy 232

4. God's love 238

5. God's liberality 250

Appendix I: A Chronology of Aquinas's Life and Works 255

Appendix II: A Table Indicating the Correspondence between Sections of Chapters of SCG I in the Pera (Marietti) Edition and the Pegis Translation 263 References 271 Index locorum 277 General index 285

end p.xi

Kretzmann, Norman , (deceased) formerly Susan Linn Sage Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Cornell University, New York

The Metaphysics of Theism

Print ISBN 9780199246533, 2001 pp. [xii]

Abbreviations

CT Compendium theologiae In BDT Expositio super librum Boethii De trinitate

In DA Sententia super De anima In DDN Expositio super librum Dionysii De divinis nominibus

In EN Sententia libri Ethicorum In Met. Sententia super Metaphysicam In PA Sententia super Posteriora analytica In PH Sententia super Peri hermenias In Phys. Sententia super Physicam In Sent. Scriptum super libros Sententiarum QDP Quaestiones disputatae de potentia QDV Quaestiones disputatae de veritate SCG Summa contra gentiles ST Summa theologiae end p.xii

Kretzmann, Norman , (deceased) formerly Susan Linn Sage Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Cornell University, New York

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