One Theology from the Bottom Up

Norman Kretzmann

Abstract: The plan is to take a metaphysically based natural theology as the first phase of a systematic presentation of the rest of philosophy, beginning with the establishment and investigation of what metaphysics has often finally identified as reality's first principle. This metaphysics of theism teaches theism but nevertheless counts as philosophical, because the starting points and ultimate justifications of its arguments are all accessible to 'natural reason' and because it never uses revealed propositions as more than occasional guides to its agenda. The Metaphysics of Theism deals only with the topics of Aquinas's Book I of Summa contra gentiles-, 'matters associated with God considered in himself'.

Keywords: Aquinas, God, metaphysics, natural reason, natural theology, Summa contra gentiles, theism, theology

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