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1 The Guide had been translated into Hebrew in 1204 by Samuel Ibn Thibbon. In this paper, all references to The Guide are to the translation in English by Shlomo Pines 1963.

2 "La theorie baconienne de l'analogie (DS, # 100-133; CST, # 129-142) ne ressemble a aucune des theoreis "scholastiques" forgees dans la seconde moitie du XIIIe siecle. Et pour cause: ce n'est pas, contrairement a celle dite "aristotelicothomiste", une theorie de l'analogie de l'etre", Alain de Libera. "Roger Bacon et La Logique," Jeremiah Hackett, 1997; Thomas S.Maloney 1984.

3 Maimonides/Pines 1963, II, 37 on Magic; Maimonides/Lerner-Mahdi, 1963, 227-236 (Letter on Astrology). The positions of Grosseteste and Thomas Aquinas are clearly in agreement with the position of Maimonides on Judicial Astrology. And while Bacon does defend some uses of judicial astrology in political matters, he makes some precisions which clearly take into account the criticisms of the implied necessitarianism of the astrologers. See Hackett, 1997.

4 Maimonides, Guide 1963; Maimonides/Lerner, 1963- On Bacon's use of and dependence on

Abu 'Mishiirfor his understanding of the role of Astrology in his general philosophy, see Hackett. 1997, 175-98.

5 For Dante, see Gilson, 1948; For Bacon on moral philosophy as the completion of philosophy, see Hackett, 1986, 55-109.

6 That he is only capable, due to limited time and resources, of writing an Opus preambulatum and not an Opus principale or a Summa is repeated at length by Bacon in his works and in his Letter to Pope Clement IV.

7 Bacon, Communia naturalium, I, (Steele), 124: Et finis est nobilior causarum, quia omnia ordinantur in finem, et efficiens est nobilius forma et materia, quia dat eis esse, transmutat enim materiam in esse specificum quod vocatur forma, et forma est nobiliius materia in tribus modis predictis, Summa, Pars la Co 4to, qui sunt superius primi modi.

8 Thomas of York: see A.G.Little, 1897; 37-9; Ibid., 1926, 881; Fr. E.Longpre, 1926;

M.Grabmann, 1913; F.Treserra, 1929.


Bacon, Roger. 1859. Opus minus. Edited by J.S.Brewer, London.

--. 1897-1900. Opus maius, Edited by J.H.Bridges, Oxford/Edinburgh.

--. 1902. The Greek Grammar/Fragment of Hebrew Grammar, Edited by Edmond Nolan and

S.A.Hirsch, Cambridge.

--. 1906-1913. Communia naturalium, Edited by Robert Steele, Oxford.

--. 1920. Secretum secretorum, Edited by Robert Steele, Oxford.

--. 1953. Moralisphilosophiae, Edited by Eugenic Massa, Turin.

--. 1988. Compendium studii theologiae, Edited by Thomas S.Maloney, (STGM, 20) Leiden-

New York-Kobenhaven-Koln: E.J.Brill.

Dobbs-Weinstein, Idit 1995. Maimonides and St. Thomas on the Limits of Reason, Albany: SUNY.

Engen Van, John. 2000. Learning Institutionalized: Teaching in the Medieval University, (Notre Dame Conferences in Medieval Studies, Number IX) Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.

Frank, Daniel K. 1990. "Anger as a Vice: A Maimonidean Critique of Aristotle's Ethics," History of Philosophy Quarterly 7, 3 (July).

Giles of Rome. 1944. (Aegidius Romanus). Errores philosophorum: Critical Text with Notes and Introduction. Edited by John O.Reidl, Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.

Gilson, Etienne. 1948. Dante the Philosopher, London.

Grabmann, M. 1913. Die Metaphysik des Thomas von York. Munster in W.

Hackett, Jeremiah. 1986. "Practical Wisdom and Happiness in the Moral Philosophy of Roger Bacon," Medioevo 12:55-109.

--. 1995. "Roger Bacon on Magnanimity and Virtue," in Moral and Political Philosophy in the

Middle Ages, Vol. I, Edited by B.Carlos Bazan, Eduardo Adujar, Leonard G.Sbrocchi, 367-77, Ottawa-New York.

--. 1997. Roger Bacon and the Sciences: Commemorative Essays, Leiden-New York-Koln:


--. 2000. "Aristotle, Astrologia, and Controversy at the University of Paris," In Engen, 2000,


Little, A.G. 1892. The Grey Friars at Oxford, (BSFS).

--. 1926. "The Franciscan School at Oxford," in Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, 881.

Longpre, Fr. E. 1926. "Thomas d'York, OFM., la premiere somme metaphysique du XIIIe Siecle," in Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 19, 875-920.

Peter of Ireland. 1993. Magistri Petri de Ybernia: Expositio et Questiones in Aristotelis Librum De Lingitudine et Brevitate Vitae, Edited by Michael Dunne, Louvain-La-Neuve/Paris: Editions de L'Institut/Editions Peeters.

Pseudo-Grosseteste, 1912. Summaphilosophiae, Edited by Ludwig Baur, (BGPM. IX).

Peter Raedts, 1987. RichardRufus of Cornwall and the Tradition of Oxford Theology, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sharp, D.E. 1930. Franciscan Philosophy at Oxford in the Thirteenth Century, Oxford & London.

Treserra, F. 1929. "De doctrinis metaphysicis Fratris Thomae de Eboraco OFM (Oxoniae Magister an. 1253)," in Analecta sacra Tarraconensia Barcelona, 5, 33-102.

Williams, Steven J., 1994. "Roger Bacon and his Edition of the Pseudo-Aristotelian Secretum sectetorum," Speculum 69 (1994): 57-73.

Wood, Rega. 1998. "Richard Rufus of Cornwall (d. after 1259)," in Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Gen. Ed. Edward Craig, Vol. 8, 314-18.

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