Contents

Notes on Contributors vii

Acknowledgments x

Introduction: Towards a Balanced Historiography of Medieval Philosophy

John Inglis

Section One: Historical Context

Section Two: Philosophy

Section Three: Neoplatonism

1 Medieval Islamic Philosophy and the Classical Tradition 17

Michael E.Marmura

2 A Philosophical Odyssey: Ghazzäli's Intentions of the Philosophers 30

Gabriel Said Reynolds

3 The Relationship between Averroes and al-Ghazäll: as it presents itself 42 in Averroes' Early Writings, especially in his Commentary on al-Ghazäll's al-Musta^fä

Frank Griffel

4 Al-Ghazali and Halevi on Philosophy and the Philosophers 54

Barry S.Kogan

5 Projection and Time in Proclus 70

D.Gregory MacIsaac

6 Forms of Knowledge in the Arabic Plotinus 90

Peter Adamson

7 Secundum rei vim vel secundum cognoscentium facultatem: Knower and 107 Known in the Consolation of Philosophy of Boethius and the Proslogion of Anselm

Wayne J.Hankey

8 Proclean 'Remaining' and Avicenna on Existence as Accident: 128 Neoplatonic Methodology and a Defense of 'Pre-Existing' Essences

Sarah Pessin

9 Augustine vs Plotinus: The Uniqueness of the Vision at Ostia 143

Thomas Williams

Section Four: Creation

10 Infinite Power and Plenitude: Two Traditions on the Necessity of the 154 Eternal

Taneli Kukkonen

11 The Challenge to Medieval Christian Philosophy: Relating Creator to 170 Creatures

Section Five: Virtue

12 Three Kinds of Objectivity 182

Jonathan Jacobs

13 On Defining Maimonides' Aristotelianism 194

Daniel H.Frank

14 Porphyry, Bonaventure and Thomas Aquinas: A Neoplatonic Hierarchy 206 of Virtues and Two Christian Appropriations

Joshua P.Hochschild

Section Six: The Latin Reception

15 William of Auvergne and the Aristotelians: The Nature of a Servant 221

Michael Miller

16 Is God a "What"? Avicenna, William of Auvergne, and Aquinas on the 233 Divine Essence

John P.Rosheger

17 Maimonides and Roger Bacon: Did Roger Bacon Read Maimonides? 250

Jeremiah Hackett

Index

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