1 See Phillip Berryman, Liberation Theology: the Essential Facts About the Revolutionary Movement in Latin America and Beyond (New York, Pantheon, 1987), chapter 3.

2 United Nations data cited in V. Bulmer-Thomas (cd.), The New Economic Model in Latin America and its Impact on Income Distribution and Poverty (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1996), p. 6. 'Poverty* is defined as including some non-food essentials (e.g. clothing) as well as minimal nutrition, and is roughly equivalent to one US dollar per person per day (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Shaping the 11st Century: the Contribution of Development Cooperation, Paris, OECD, 1996, p, 9).

3 See V. Bulmer-Thomas, The Economic History of Latin America since Independence {Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994).

4 Ellacuria, Ignacio, 'Utopía y profetismo' in I- Ellacuria and J. Sobrino (eds.), Mysterium liberations: conceptos fundamentales del la teología de liberación (Madrid, Editorial Trotta, 1990), vol. I, pp. 393-442,

5 Carlos Bravo, "J^süs de Nazaret: el Cristo liberador' in ibid., vol. I, pp. 551-74.

6 See Cristobal Kay, Latin American Theories of Development and Underdevelopment (London, Routlcdge, 1989).

7 These 'new social movements' include groups of peasants, slum-dwellers, women etc. They are quite different from traditional political parties insofar as they do not seek state power, nor are they organised on a hierarchical basis. Liberation theology has been strongly influenced by {and has in turn contributed to) the growth of these movements throughout Latin America and even world-wide.

8 Pablo Richard, Teología en la teología de liberación1, in Ellacuria and Sobrino (eds,), Mysterium liberationism vol. I, pp, 201-22,

9 The Spanish word ßesta is inadequately translated by the pallid English 'party'; it contains a strong sense of community and also of célébration - almost equivalent to agape.

10 See Berry man, Liberation Theology, chapter 1.

11 José Ignacio Gonzalez Faus, 'Pecado1 in Ellacuria and Sobrino (eds.), Mysterium liberationism vol. II, pp. 93-106.

12 Ricardo Antoncich, 'Teología de la liberación y doctrina social de la Iglesia', in ibid., vol. I, pp. 145-68,

13 Franz Hinkelhammert, Crítica a la razón utópica (San Jose de Costa Rica, DEI, 1984).

14 Berryman, Liberation Theology, chapter 3.

15 Gilberto da Silva Gorgulho, 'Hermenéutica bíblica', in Ellacuria and Sobrino (eds.), Mysterium liberationism vol. I, pp. 169-200,

16 See Enrique Dussel, 'Teología de la liberación y marxismo' in ibid., vol. I, pp. 115-144; and also Berryman, Liberation Theology, chaptcr 9, 'Using Marxism',

17 As well as Kay, Latin American Theories, see C. Furtado, Economic Development of Latin America (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1970) and R. Prebisch, 'A Critique of Peripheral Capitalism', Cepal Review No. 1 (Santiago de Chile, United Nations Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, 1976),

18 Bulmer-Thomas, The New Economic Model, 'Introduction'.

19 E. V- K. FitzGerald, The Macroeconomics of Development Finance: a Kateckian Analysis of the Semi-industrial Economy {Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1993),

20 E, V. K. FitzGerald, 'Stabilization and economic justicc: the ease of Nicaragua', in K. S. Kim and D. F. Ruccio (eds.), Debt and Development in Latin America (Notre Dame, IN, University of Notre Dame Press, 1985), zz N. Barr, The Economics of the Welfare Statet 2nd edn, (London, Wcidcnfcld & Nicolson, 1993)*

z% D, Rile, 'Citizenship and the Welfare State', in J, Allen, P. Barham and P, Lewis (eds.), Political and Economic Forms of Modernity (Cambridge, Polity Press for The Open University, 1992), pp. 179-2x8,

23 J. Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1972).

24 J. Dreze and A. K. Sen, Hunger and Public Action (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1989), chaptcr 2.

25 C. Beitz, Political Theory and International Relations (Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1987).

26 United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, States of Disarray: The Social Effects of Globalization (London, Earthscan, 1995).

27 B, R, Opeskin, 'The moral foundations of foreign aid', World Development 24.1 (1996), pp. 21-44.

28 Sec Donald A, Hay, Economics Today: a Christian Critique (Leicester, Apollos,

29 Commission on Global Governance, Our Global Neighbourhood {Oxford, Oxford University Press, 199$), p. 139,

30 Ellacuria and Sobrino, Mysterium liberationism p. 12 (author's translation).

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