It

Meant to highlight the sociological as well as theological differences between the two. Thus where white theology concerns itself with logical systems, black religion concerns itself with narrative, the telling of story where whites forced a wedge between thought and practice and worship and theology, blacks united them whilst white theology sought to demonstrate the existence of God, blacks took that existence for granted. All these differences were due to the social position of blacks as...

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The Pope rejects this account of the origin of the Church. 'The Church is born1, he says, 'out of our response in faith to Christ' (1,6). It is not, or not primarily, born out of a response to political situations. Pope John Paul II recalls that in his first ever speech as Pope he said that a concern for sound ecclesiology would be central in his pontificate. That is why he attacks as erroneous the position which suggests that a distinction can be made between the...

Charles Villavicencio

Liberation and reconstruction the unfinished agenda Liberation theology - an umbrella term embracing a number of particular movements, including African, black, feminist, and womanist theologies -is self-consciously contextual. While having certain characteristics in common, specific liberation theologies need to be understood in terms of their particular contexts. In this chapter attention is first given to the broad and inclusive tenets of Latin American liberation theology. The second part...

Black theology

There are several ways of approaching Black theology. One approach seeks to characterise it in terms of its history, that is, of its origins in the Civil Rights and Black Power movements of the 1960s. It maintains that the demands for racial justice embodied in these two movements provided the basis for the emergence of Black theology. I shall not follow this approach here since it is not the aim of this chapter to offer a detailed description of the relationship between movements of protest...

The way of negation

In 1984 the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith published an Instruction on Certain Aspects of the cTheology of Liberation known from the first two words of its Latin text as Libertatis Nuntius. The intention of this document was, it says, 'limited and precise*, which was to draw the attention of pastors, theologians, and all the faithful to the deviations, and risks of deviation, damaging to the faith and Christian living, that arc brought about by certain forms of liberation...

Research On Basil Moore In Field Of Black Theology

1 Sec Basil Moore, An Introduction to Black Theology (London, C Hurst and Co, 1973). 2 vhe Journal of Black Theology in South Africa was launched in May 1987. 3 The divisions within the South African liberation theology debate are seen nowhere more clcarly than in Simon S. Maimela's review of Albert Nolan's God in South Africa (Cape Town, David Philip, 1988) in the Journal of Black Theology in South Africa 3 1 May 1989), pp. 50-2. 4 In Alberto Espada-Matta, Church and State in the Social...

Liberation theology in Asia

Liberation theology differs from other theologies in that it starts with an analysis of the context, as it wants to respond to the cries of the people arising from it. As contextual theology we can distinguish it by regions -Latin American, African, Asian, European - and by social groups such as the poor, women, blacks, Dalits, indigenous peoples. However, none of these social or geographical identities can be understood in isolation* Contexts and identities are multiple and overlapping. The...

Liberation According To Samuel Rayan

Ting, who was WSCF Secretary together with M. M. Thomas in the late 1940s, tried as leader of the Three Self Movement, as Principal of Nanjing Theological Seminary and as an Anglican bishop to guard the independence of the Church and the sovereignty of its message over against communist ideology. At the same time he promoted its independence from a Western missionary heritage, and sought to overcome its alienation from Chinese society. One of the mottos of the Three Self Movement...

Of doing theology

The question of the relationship between socially engaged biblical scholars and ordinary poor and marginalised readers of the Bible lies at the heart of this chapter. While it may seem strange to begin an essay on 'The Bible and the poor5 with such a statement, liberation theologies in their various forms all emerge from the interface between socially committed theologians and ordinary Christians from poor and marginalised communities- The task of this chapter is to understand the contours of...

Notes

1 Gustavo Gutierrez, The Tower of the Poor in History London, SCM, 1983 , P 57 2 Bartolome dc las Casas, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indians 1552 London, Penguin, 1992 and G. Gutierrez, Las Casas gt In Search of the Poor of Jesus Christ Maryknoll, NY, Orbis, 1994 . 3 C and L, Boff, Introducing Liberation Theology London, Burns and Oatcs, 1987 G. Gutierrez, A Theology of Liberation rev, edn. London, SCM, 1988 T. Witvliet, A Place in the Sun London, SCM, 1985 . There is an important...

The origins and character of the base ecclesial community a Brazilian perspective

It seems that for every commentator who has put pen to paper or given voice upon the lecture circuit, there is set forth a different and supposedly conclusive, definition of the base ecclesial community comunidade eclesiat de base . Ever since the emergence of this innovative and challenging ecclesial phenomenon within the Latin American continent, ecclesiologists and sociologists alike have fallen over themselves in an attempt to explicate the concrete, lived experiences of those within the...

Introduction the theology of liberation

May Day in 1983 will always remain indelibly etchcd on my memory. It was my first Saturday in Brazil, in the middle of a period of military dictatorship in that country, and I was taken to visit some theologians working with base ecclesial communities in Sao Paulo. I recall entering a large building which served as a community centre for one of the shanty towns on the periphery of this enormous city. Inside there were about forty men and women listening to a woman expound the first chapter of...

Bast1aan W1elunga

This self-critical approach implies on the other side an affirmation of the liberative thrust of biblical faith in such a way that struggles for the transformation of society can be fought in solidarity with non-Christians, Groups like the Christian Workers' Fellowship and the Devasarana Collective Farm in Sri Lanka have developed forms of celebration and dialogue in which different religious traditions which matter to people are articulated side by side in such a way that people do not feel...

Feminist theology a critical theology of liberation

Feminist theology is a global theology, or rather, a family of contextual theologies committed to the struggle for justice for women and the transformation of society. It is therefore a critical theology of liberation1 engaged in the reconstruction of theology and religion in the service of this transformation process, in the specificity of the many contexts in which women live. Whereas in European and North American contexts the term 'feminist theology5 is most frequently accepted, in other...