The Contributors

PAUL AVIS is an Anglican parish priest and a Prebendary of Exeter Cathedral. He was educated in London and Cambridge, gaining his doctorate from the University of London in 1976. He is a member of the Church of England's General Synod, Doctrine Commission and Faith and Order Advisory Group, an Inspector and Examiner of theological colleges and courses, and Honorary Research Fellow and part-time lecturer in the Department of Theology of the University of Exeter. His publications include Anglicanism and the Christian Church: Theological Resources in Historical Perspective (1989), Christians in Communion (1990) and Authority, Leadership and Conflict in the Church (1992). He has edited a collection of essays on the Resurrection (1993) and is now working on a fundamental theology in several volumes under the general title Christian Theology in the Modern World.

JOHN BARTON is Oriel and Laing Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture and Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. After a Junior Research Fellowship at Merton College, Oxford, in 1974 he became University Lecturer in Theology (Old Testament) and Official Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford. He was Reader in Biblical Studies at the University of Oxford from 1989 until 1991, when he assumed his current position. He is the author of Amos's Oracles against the Nations (1980), Reading the Old Testament: Method in Biblical Study (1984), Oracles of God: Perceptions of Ancient Prophecy in Israel after the Exile (1986), People of the Book?: The Authority of the Bible in Christianity (1988) and What is the Bible? (1991). His study guide on Isaiah 1-39 is in press, and he is completing a book on the biblical canon. He is joint editor with John Muddiman of The Oxford Bible Commentary, to be published in 1998.

FRANK BURCH BROWN has been Frederick Doyle Kershner Professor of Religion and the Arts at the Christian Theological Seminary, Indianapolis, since 1994. He gained his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1979, and was Professor of Religion and the Humanities at the Virginia Polytechnic

Institute and State University from 1979 to 1994. His publications include Transfiguration (1983), The Evolution of Darwin s Religious Views (1986) and Religious Aesthetics (1989); he is Area Editor in Religion, Arts, Culture and Media for the fourth edition of Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. He is also a composer, keyboard instrumentalist and choir director.

PETER BYRNE has been a lecturer/senior lecturer in the philosophy of religion at King's College, London, since 1975. He read philosophy at the University of York and obtained a B.Phil, in philosophy at the University of Oxford. He has published widely in the philosophy of religion and ethics. He has edited a series of five books on medical ethics, and is the author of Natural Religion and the Nature of Religion (1989), The Philosophical and Theological Foundations of Ethics (1992) and Religion Defined and Explained (1993, with Peter B.Clarke). He is co-editor of the journal Religious Studies.

STEPHEN CLARK is Professor of Philosophy at Liverpool University. His publications include Aristotle's Man, The Moral Status of Animals, The Nature of the Beast, From Athens to Jerusalem, The Mysteries of Religion, three volumes of Limits and Renewals: Civil Peace and Sacred Order, A Parliament of Souls, God's World and the Great Awakening, and How to Think about the Earth. He is editor of Berkeley: Money, Obedience and Affection, and co-editor of the Journal of Applied Philosophy.

KEITH CLEMENTS is a Baptist minister, and since 1990 he has been Coordinating Secretary for International Affairs of the Council of Churches for Britain and Ireland. From 1977 to 1990 he was a tutor at Bristol Baptist College and part-time lecturer in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Bristol. His publications include Faith (1980), A Patriotism for Today: Love of Country in Dialogue with the Witness of Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1986), The Theology of Ronald Gregor Smith (1986), Friedrich Schleiermacher (1987) and Lovers of Discord: Twentieth-Century Theological Controversies in England (1988). He is currently working on a biography of J. H.Oldham.

DAN COHN-SHERBOK teaches at the University of Kent and is a Visiting Professor at the University of Middlesex. He has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Essex, Visiting Fellow at Wolfson College, Cambridge, and Visiting Scholar at Mansfield College, Oxford, and the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies. He is a rabbi and the author or editor of over forty books, including The Jewish Heritage (1988), Religion in Public Life (1992) and Judaism and Other Faiths (1993).

DAVID D'AVRAY is Reader in Medieval History at University College London, where he has taught since 1977. He studied at the Universities of

Cambridge, Oxford and Munich. His publications include The Preaching of the Friars: Sermons Diffused from Paris Before 1300 (1985) and Death and the Prince: Memorial Preaching Before 1350 (1994).

GAVIN D'COSTA is Senior Lecturer in Theology in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Bristol. He was educated at the Unversities of Birmingham and Cambridge. An Indian Roman Catholic, he is involved in interfaith dialogue, is adviser to the Catholic Bishops of England and Wales and is a consultant to the Pontifical Commission for Interreligious Dialogue. His publications include Theology and Religious Pluralism (1986), John Hick's Theology of Religions (1987) and Christian Uniqueness Reconsidered (editor, 1990). He is currently writing a book on the Trinity and religious pluralism.

JACK DOMINIAN is a consultant psychiatrist with special interest in personal relationships and marriage. He was educated in Athens, Bombay, Stamford as well as in England, at Cambridge University, Oxford University, and the Institute of Psychiatry, the Maudsley Hospital, London. He has been involved in pastoral counselling and is the author of several books on marriage, sexuality and ethical issues, including Christian Marriage (1968), Depression (1976) and God, Sex and Love (1989). He is Director of One Plus One Marriage and Partnership Research, London. In 1994 he received the MBE for his work on marriage.

G.R.EVANS has lectured at the Universties of Reading, Bristol and Cambridge, and was British Academy Research Reader in Theology from 1986 to 1988. She serves on the Faith and Order Advisory Group of the Church of England. Her publications include Anselm and Talking about God (1978), Anselm and a New Generation (1980), Old Arts and New Theology (1980), Augustine on Evil (1983), The Language and Logic of the Bible: The Earlier Middle Ages and The Road to Reformation (1984-85), Problems of Authority in the Reformation Debates (1992) and Philosophy and Theology in the Middle Ages (1993).

GARY GILBERT obtained his Ph.D. at Columbia Univesity, New York, for work on pagan involvement with the world of Judaism in Roman antiquity. He has taught at the University of Pittsburgh and elsewhere, and now works for the Association of Theological Schools. He is currently working on a project that examines the influence of Roman imperial propaganda on early Jewish and Christian thought.

COLIN GUNTON has been a minister of the United Reformed Church since 1972. He holds degrees in Classics and Theology from the University of Oxford, and in 1993 he was awarded a Doctorate of Divinity from the

University of London. He was appointed as a Lecturer in the Philosophy of Religion at King's College, London, in 1969, and Professor of Christian Doctrine in 1984. In 1992 he was Bampton Lecturer at the Universitiy of Oxford, and in 1993 Warfield Lecturer at Princeton Theological Seminary. His publications include The Actuality of Atonement (1989), The Promise of Trinitarian Theology (1991), The One, the Three and the Many: God, Creation and the Culture of Modernity (The 1992 Bampton Lectures) (1993).

JAMES M.GUSTAFSON is Henry R.Luce Professor of Humanities and Comparative Studies at Emory University, Atlanta. He was educated at North Park Junior College, Northwestern University (B.S., 1948), Chicago Theological Seminary and the University of Chicago (B.D., 1951) and Yale University (Ph.D., 1955). From 1955 to 1972 he was a member of faculty at Yale University, where he became Professor of Christian Ethics in the Divinity School and the Department of Religious Studies. From 1972 to 1988 he was University Professor of Theological Ethics in the Divinity School and served on the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago. His publications include Treasure in Earthen Vessels: The Church as a Human Community, Christ and the Moral Life, Can Ethics be Christian?, Protestant and Roman Catholic Ethics: Prospects for Rapprochement and Ethics from a Theocentric Perspective. He is an ordained minister in the United Church of Christ.

WALTER HOLLENWEGER was ordained in the Swiss Reformed Church in 1961. He gained his doctorate in theology from the University of Zurich in 1966. From 1965 to 1971 he was Executive Secretary of the World Council of Churches in Geneva, and from 1971 to 1989 he was Professor of Mission at the University of Birmingham. His books include Evangelism Today: Good News or Bone of Contention? (1976), Erfahrungen der Leibhaftigkeit: Interkulturelle Theologie 1 (1979, 2nd edn 1980), Umgang mit My then: Interkulturelle Theologie 2 (1982, 2nd edn 1992), Geist und Materie: Interkulturelle Theologie 3 (1988) and The Pentecostals (2 vols, 1988 and 1995). His articles include: 'Towards an Intercultural History of Christianity' in International Review of Mission (October 1987); 'Interaction between Black and White in Theological Education' (September 1987), 'Healing Through Prayer: Superstition or Forgotten Christian Tradition' (May 1989) and 'Music in the Service of Reconciliation' (July 1989) in Theology, 'The Critical Roots of Pentecostalism' in Journal for Pentecostal Theology (1992); and 'VerheiBung und Verhängnis der Pfingstbewegung' in Evangelische Theologie (1993). He has also written plays, musicals and choreographies.

BRIAN HORNE is Lecturer in Systematic Theology in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at King's College, London. He was educated in South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States, gaining degrees from the Universities of Natal, Durham and London, and the General Theological Seminary, New York. His publications include A World to Gain and several articles and essays on literary and theological subjects.

LESLIE HOULDEN is Emeritus Professor of Theology at King's College, London, and is a Fellow of the College. Earlier he taught theology in Oxford, where he was Fellow and Chaplain of Trinity College. His publications include Paul's Letters from Prison (1970), The Johannine Epistles (1973), Connections (1986), and Ethics and the New Testament (1973); he edited (with R.J.Coggins) A Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation (1990). He is a priest of the Church of England.

GRACE JANTZEN is John Rylands Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Religions and Theology at the University of Manchester. Formerly Reader at King's College, London. She holds a doctorate in Philosophy from the University of Calgary and a doctorate in Theology from the University of Oxford. Her special interests are in mysticism, feminism and theorizing religion in (post-) modernity. She has written several books, including Power, Gender and Christian Mysticism (1995) and Julian of Norwich (1987), and published many articles on mysticism in journals including Relgious Studies and Modern Theology. In 1989 she was appointed to a Canadian Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies, whose final report, Proceed with Care, was published in 1993. She is a member of the Religious Society of Friends.

THEODORE JENNINGS is Professor of Constructive Theology at the Chicago Theological Seminary and a United Methodist minister. He is a graduate of Duke University (B.A., 1964), the Candler School of Theology (B.D., 1967) and Emory University (Ph.D., 1971). He has taught at the Candler School of Theology of Emory University and, as a United Methodist missionary, at the Seminario Metodista de Mexico in Mexico City. His publications include Introduction to Theology (1976), Beyond Theism (1986), Loyalty to God (1992) and many articles on themes as diverse as Wesley, the study of ritual, pastoral care, homosexuality and social ethics.

JOHN KENT is Emeritus Professor of Theology at Bristol University. His publications include The End of the Line: The Development of Christian Theology since 1700 (1982), The Unacceptable Face: The Modern Church in the Eyes of the Historian (1987), William Temple: Church, State and Society in Britain 1880-1950 (1992) and 'Religion and Science 1850-1914' in Nineteenth Century Religious Thought in the West (ed. N.Smart, 1985).

KENNETH LEECH is M.B.Reckitt Urban Fellow at St Botolph's Church, Aldgate, East London. Ordained in 1964, he has spent most of his ministry in the East End of London. He built up a ministry among homeless youth and heroin users in Soho in the 1960s, founding the Soho Drugs Group in 1967 and Centrepoint Night Shelter in 1969. He was Rector of St Matthew's, Bethnal Green, from 1974 to 1980, Race Relations Field Officer of the Church of England Board for Social Responsibility from 1981 to 1987, and Director of the Runnymede Trust from 1987 to 1990. His publications include Soul Friend (1977, rev. edn 1994), Care and Conflict (1992) and The Eye of the Storm: Spiritual Resources for the Pursuit of Justice (1993).

ALISTER McGRATH is Research Lecturer in Theology at the University of Oxford, Research Professor of Systematic Theology at Regent College, Vancouver, and Lecturer in Historical and Systematic Theology at Wycliffe Hall, Oxford. His publications relating to the Renaissance and Reformation include Luther's Theology of the Cross (1985), The Intellectual Origins of the Reformation (1987) and A Life of John Calvin (1990).

JOHN MACQUARRIE was Professor at Union Theological Seminary, New York, and latterly Lady Margaret Profesor of Divinity and Canon of Christ Church, Oxford. His many publications include Principles of Christian Theology (1966), God-Talk (1967) and Jesus Christ in Modern Thought (1990).

JACK MAHONEY has been Dixons Professor of Business Ethics and Social Responsibility at the London Business School since 1993. He was educated at the University of Glasgow and the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome. He is a Jesuit priest and former Principal of Heythrop College, London. From 1986 to 1993 he was F.D.Maurice Professor of Moral and Social Theology at King's College, London, where he was also founding Director of King's College Business Ethics Research Centre. His publications include Bioethics and Belief: Religion and Medicine in Dialogue (1984), The Making of Moral Theology: A Study of the Roman Catholic Tradition (1987) and Teaching Business Ethics in the UK, Europe and the USA: A Comparative Study. He is founding editor of the quarterly Business Ethics: A European Review, which has been published since 1992.

ANTHONY MEREDITH entered the Society of Jesus in 1954 and was ordained in 1968. He studied philosophy and theology at Heythrop, Oxfordshire, and classics in Oxford. After ordination, he gained a D.Phil, at Oxford with a thesis on Gregory of Nyssa; since then he has been mainly engaged in teaching Early Christian Doctrine in Oxford and at Heythrop College, London. Most of his publications have been on the relationship between Early Christianity and its Classical background.

JOHN MORGAN is a Canon Residentiary of St John's Cathedral, Brisbane, and Warden of St John's College, University of Queensland, where he is also Director of the Australian Institute of Ethics and the Professions. He graduated from the Universities of Melbourne and Oxford, where he served as Chaplain of Oriel College. He is an Academic Fellow of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Queensland, and teaches both medical and business ethics as well as theological ethics. He has been a lecturer in the United Faculty of Theology, Melbourne, and is a Fellow Commoner of Peterhouse, Cambridge. He is a former member of the Medical Research Ethics Committee of the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia.

JOHN MUDDIMAN is the George Caird Fellow in New Testament Studies at Mansfield College, Oxford, and a lecturer in the Faculty of Theology. He studied at the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Louvain. His publications include The Bible, Fountain and Well of Truth (1983) and contributions to The Religion of the Incarnation (edited by Robert Morgan, 1989) and A Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation (edited by R.J.Coggins and J.L.Houlden, 1990). He is a member of the Anglican—Roman Catholic International Commission.

EDWARD NORMAN is Chaplain of Christ Church College of Higher Education, Canterbury. He is an Anglican priest, and has written and broadcast extensively about issues in the relationship of Church and State in many parts of the world. He is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and of the Royal Society of Arts, and Emeritus Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge. His publications include Church and Society in England (1976), Christianity and the World Order (1979) and Entering the Darkness (1991).

HELEN OPPENHEIMER was educated at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, where she obtained a B.Phil. She taught ethics at Cuddesdon Theological College from 1964 to 1969. She has served on various Church of England commissions and groups, especially on marriage and divorce, and on the Inter-Anglican Theological and Doctrinal Commission. She was President of the Society for the Study of Christian Ethics from 1989 to 1991, and was awarded the Lambeth Doctorate of Divinity in 1993. Her publications include Incarnation and Immanence (1973), The Character of Christian Morality (1974), The Hope of Happiness: A Sketch for a Christian Humanism (1983), Looking Before and After (1988), Marriage (1990), Finding and Following (1994) and numerous articles in journals and books.

DAVID A.PAILIN is Professor of Philosophy of Religion and Head of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Manchester, where he has taught the philosophy of religion and philosophical theology since 1966. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, Perkins School of Theology in Southern Methodist University, Dallas, and the University of Manchester. His publications include The Way to Faith, Attitudes to Other Religions, Groundwork of Philosophy of Religion, God and the Processes of Reality,

The Anthropological Character of Theology, A Gentle Touch: From a Theology of Handicap to a Theology of Human Being and Probing the Foundations: A Study in Theistic Reconstruction, as well as numerous contributions to books and journals. He is at present working on a study provisionally entitled Understanding and Truth: The Formation of Theological Interpretation of Reality and on a six-volume collection of texts on faith and reason in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. When these are completed he intends to explore further the debates about faith and reason in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

BARRIE PASKINS has been a Lecturer in the Department of War Studies at King's College, London, since 1971. He trained as a philosopher at Trinity College, Cambridge. His research interests include literature as well as general ethics and ethics of war. His publications include The Ethics of War (1979, with M.Dockrill) and Ethics and European Security (1986).

TERENCE PENELHUM is Professor Emeritus of Religious Studies at the University of Calgary. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh and Oriel College, Oxford. He has taught at the Universities of Alberta and Calgary, and has held many visiting positions in universities in the United States. At Calgary he has been Professor of Philosophy, Dean of Arts and Science and Director of the Humanities Institute. In 1988 he was awarded the Canada Council Molson Prize in Humanities. His publications include Survival and Disembodied Existence (1970), Religion and Rationality (1971), Problems of Religious Knowledge (1971), Hume (1975), God and Skepticism (1983), Butler (1985) and David Hume: An Introduction to his Philosophical System (1992).

STEPHEN PRICKETT is Regius Professor of English Language and Literature at the University of Glasgow. Until 1990 he held the Chair of English at the Australian National University in Canberra, and, before that, teaching posts at the University of Sussex, the University of Minnesota and Smith College, Massachusetts. He is Chairman of the UK Higher Education Foundation and President of the European Society for the Study of Literature and Theology. His publications include Romanticism and Religion: The Tradition of Coleridge and Wordsworth in the Victorian Church (1976), Words and the Word: LanguageA Poetics and Biblical Interpretation (1986) and (with Robert Barnes) The Bible (part of the Landmarks of World Literature series). He also edited Reading the Text: Biblical Criticism and Literary Theory (1991). He has recently prepared an introduction and notes for a new Oxford World's Classics edition of the Bible and is currently preparing a book on literary appropriation and its historical consequences.

HEIKKI RAISANEN has been Professor of New Testament Exegesis at the University of Helsinki since 1975; from 1984 to 1994 he was Distinguished

Research Professor at the Academy of Finland. His publications include Die Mutter Jesu im Neuen Testament (1969), The Idea of Divine Hardening (1972), Paul and the Law (1983), The 'Messianic Secret' in Mark's Gospel (1990), Beyond New Testament Theology (1990) and Jesus, Paul and Torah (1992). In 1990 he received the honorary degree of Doctor of Theology from the University of Edinburgh.

JOHN ROGERSON has been Professor and Head of the Department of Biblical Studies at the University of Sheffield since 1979, and is an Honorary Canon of Sheffield Cathedral. From 1964 to 1979 he taught in the Department of Theology at the University of Durham. His publications include Myth in Old Testament Interpretation (1974), Anthropology and the Old Testament (1978), Old Testament Criticism in the 19th Century: England and Germany

(1984), W.M.L.de Wette: Founder of Modern Biblical Criticism (1992) and (with P.R.Davies) The Old Testament World (1989); his Atlas of the Bible

(1985) has been translated into six languages. He retired in 1995 to concentrate on writing a Theology of the Old Testament.

ALAN F.SEGAL is Professor of Religion at Barnard College, Columbia University, New York. He was educated at Worcester Academy, Amherst College, Brandeis University, Hebrew Union College—Jewish Institute of Religion, and Yale Unversity; and taught at Princeton University and the University of Toronto. He has held fellowships from the Woodrow Wilson Foundation, the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Endowment for the Humanities and the J.S.Guggenheim Foundation. His publications include Jews and Arabs: A Teaching Guide, Two Powers in Heaven, Deus Ex Machina: Computers in the Humanities, Rebecca's Children: Judaism and Christianity in the Roman World, The Other Judaisms of Late Antiquity and Paul the Convert: The Apostolate of Saul of Tarsus.

PHILIP SHELDRAKE is Director of Pastoral Studies at Westcott House, teaches Church History in the Cambridge Theological Federation and is a member of the Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge. From 1984 to 1992 he was Co-Director of the Institute of Spirituality, Heythrop College, University of London. He was co-editor, then general editor, of the spirituality journal The Way and its supplements from 1981 to 1994. He is a member of several editorial committees including that of the Society for the Study of Christian Spirituality (associated with the American Academy of Religion). He is the author of several books, including Spirituality and History: Questions of Interpretations and Method (1991).

STEWART SUTHERLAND is Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh. He taught at the University College of North Wales, Bangor, from 1965 to 1968, and at the University of Stirling from 1968 to 1977. He was Professor of the History and Philosophy of Religion at King's College, London from 1977 to 1994, Principal of King's College from 1985 to 1990, and Vice-Chancellor of the University of London from 1990 to 1994. He was editor of the journal Religious Studies from 1984 to 1990. His publications include Atheism and the Rejection of God (1977), God, Jesus and Belief (1984), Faith and Ambiguity (1984) and many articles and edited books. He is currently working on the nature of integrity, and the interface between ethics and religion.

TERRY TASTARD is a Catholic priest in the Diocese of Westminster. He is a graduate of Rhodes University, Grahamstown, and of the Universities of London and Birmingham, and has taught philosophy of religion at King's College, London, and at Birkbeck College Centre for Extra-Mural Studies, London. He is the author of The Spark in the Soul: Spirituality and Social Justice and has contributed to two other books as well as to theological journals.

ROGER TRIGG has been Professor of Philosophy at the University of Warwick since 1987, where he has been Lecturer, Senior Lecturer and Reader in Philosophy since 1966. He was educated at New College, Oxford, where he gained his M.A. and D.Phil. He was Visiting Fellow at St Cross College, Oxford, from 1986 to 1987 and from 1991 to 1992. In 1993 he was elected as the first President of the British Society for the Philosophy of Religion. His publications include Pain and Emotion (1970), Reason and Commitment (1973), The Shaping of Man: Philosophical Aspects of Sociobiology (1982), Understanding Social Science (1985), Ideas of Human Nature (1988), Reality at Risk: A Defence of Realism in Philosophy and the Sciences (2nd edn, 1989) and Rationality and Science: Can Science Explain Everything? (1993). His current interests include the relationship between theology and science, and he is writing a book on Rationality and Religion.

WILLIAM J.WAINWRIGHT is a Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He was educated at Kenyon College, Ohio, gaining his B.A. in 1957, and at the University of Michigan, gaining his M.A. in 1959 and his Ph.D. in 1961. He was an instructor at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, from 1960 to 1962, then Instructor and Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign from 1962 to 1968. He then became Associate Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where he is now a full Professor. His publications include Philosophy of Religion: An Annotated Bibliography (1978), Mysticism (1981), Philosophy of Religion (1988) and over thirty articles. He has recently completed a book on the role of passion in religious reasoning entitled Reason and the Heart, which is to appear in 1995 or 1996.

GORDON S.WAKEFIELD was ordained to the Methodist ministry in 1947. He was educated at the Universities of Cambridge, where he read the Theological Tripos, and Oxford, gaining his B.Litt in Ecclesiastical History in 1954. He was Fernley-Hartley Lecturer in 1957, and became Connexional Editor in 1963. After a period as Chairman of the Manchester and Stockport District, during which he edited Sir Edwyn Hoskyns' incomplete Crucifixion-Resurrection with a biographical introduction, he was made Principal of the ecumenical Queen's College, Birmingham, and Recognized Lecturer in Liturgiology at Birmingham University. He was editor of A Dictionary of Christian Spirituality (1983); his most recent publication is John Bunyan the Christian (1992). He was awarded the Lambeth Doctorate of Divinity in 1986.

BENEDICTA WARD teaches for the Theology Faculty of the University of Oxford. She has been a member of the Anglican Religious Community of the Sisters of the Love of God since 1955. Her first degree was in History at the University of Manchester, and her doctorate was taken at Oxford. In addition to five books on the early traditions of Christian monasticism, she has written exclusively on the Middle Ages, including a translation of the Prayers and Meditations of St Anselm of Canterbury and a monograph on the Venerable Bede, and her collected essays have recently been published as as a Variorum monograph. She is at present engaged in a study of the cult of relics in the Middle Ages.

KEITH WARD has been Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford since 1991. He has lectured in Logic and Philosophy at the Universities of Glasgow, St Andrews and London. He was Fellow and Dean of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, from 1976 to 1983; at the University of London, he was Professor of Moral Theology from 1983 to 1986 and Professor of the History and Philosophy of Religion from 1986 to 1991. His publications include Ethics and Chrstianity (1970), Kant's View of Ethics (1972), The Concept of God (1974), Rational Theology and the Creativity of God (1982), Images of Eternity (1992), A Vision to Pursue (1992) and Religion and Revelation (1994). At present he is particularly interested in the restatement and development of theological beliefs in the context of new scientific knowledge and of a positive conversation between difference belief-systems.

ROBERT L.WILKEN is William R Kenan Jr Professor of the History of Christianity at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. His publications include The Land Called Holy: Palestine in Christian History and Thought (1992).

ROWAN WILLIAMS has been Bishop of Monmouth since 1992. He was educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, and Wadham College, Oxford. From

1986 to 1992 he was Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford. He has carried out research in Eastern Orthodox thought, and has published on the history of doctrine and spirituality. His recent publications include Teresa of Avila (1991) and Arius (1987).

MARK WYNN is a lecturer in the School of Religion and Philosophy at the Brisbane Campus of the Australian Catholic University. He studied at the University of Oxford from 1982 to 1986 and from 1987 to 1991; he then taught the philosophy of religion at King's College, London, from 1991 to 1993. His interests include the rationality of religious belief and the concept of God.

THE BIBLE

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