Olga Nesmiyanova

Theology in nineteenth-century Russia was a complex and multilayered phenomenon, consisting of several different schools all with their own approaches and styles. Of these, three particular streams can be identified: the systematic teaching of theology in the academy; the spiritual-didactic theology of the ascetic monastic tradition; and, from the mid-nineteenth century, a new brand of "secular" theology combining elements of philosophy and literary polemics. Of these streams, the theology of the academy was the widest in scope, building as it did upon eighteenth-century themes while at the same time anticipating many twentieth-century preoccupations.

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