to extend his Kentish base by establishing a second bishopric in Rochester. Moreover, he was able to win over King Ssberht of Essex, who was related to ^thelberht, and with his help also to build a church dedicated to St Paul in London (the first predecessor of St Paul's Cathedral) and set up a bishopric there.15 Augustine did not live to see the collapse of the mission in Essex, following the death of Kings ^thelberht and Ssberht around 618. Nor did he see how the continued existence of the Kentish church was for a time jeopardised by a pagan reaction. Ultimately the Kentish church was able to hold its ground. This brought lasting consequences for the shape of English Christianity, even though, inthebroaderperspective, Canterbury wasto recede in significance as compared to other forces involved in the dramatic seventh-century history of Anglo-Saxon Christianisation.



Bede. Ecclesiastical history. Eds. Bertram Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors, Bede's ecclesiastical history of the English people (Oxford, 1969) The earliest Life of Gregory the Great, by an anonymous monk of Whitby, ed. Bertram Colgrave

(Cambridge, 1985) Patrick. Confession and letter to Coroticus (SC 249)


Böhme, Horst Wolfgang. 'Goldblattkreuze', in Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde

(Berlin, 1998), xii: 312-18 Brennecke, Hanns Christof. 'Der sog. germanische Arianismus als, arteigenes' Christentum,' in Thomas Kaufmann and Harry Oelke, eds., Evangelische Kirchenhistoriker im 'Dritten Reich' (Gütersloh, 2002), 310-29 Charles-Edwards, Thomas Mowbray Early Christian Ireland (Cambridge, 2000) Cusack, Carole M. The rise of Christianity in Northern Europe 3 00-1000 (London, 1998) Dumville, David N., ed. Saint Patrick (Woodbridge, 1993)

Fletcher, Richard. The conversion of Europe: From paganism to Christianity 371-1386 AD (London, 1997)

Geary, Patrick J. The myth of nations. The medieval origins of Europe (Princeton, 2002) Geuenich, Dieter. 'Chlodwigs Alemannenschlacht(en) und Taufe', in Die Franken und die

Alemannen bis zur 'Schlacht bei Zülpich' (496/97) (Berlin/New York, 1998), 423-37 Hanson, R. P. C. The life and writings of the historical Saint Patrick (New York, 1983)

15 In 2003, the undisturbed burial site of a Saxon ruler was discovered at Prittlewell (Southend-on-Sea, Essex); it is probably King Ssberht who was buried there. The grave goods included two gold foil crosses as hitherto only found in Lombard Italy and southern Germany For the time being, the information is on the home page of the Museum of London Archaeology Service (

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