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the activity of Artemis prevailed in some districts. Hypatius was reputed once to have seen an epiphany of the goddess, who was thought to hold court in groves surrounded by lesser daemons at the hour of noon, and to attack travellers who disturbed the places sacred to her:

[Hypatius] went to inner Bithynia where the Rebas River is. There was at that time . . . the Basket of the defiled Artemis, [a festival] which the countryside keeps every year, and people do not go out onto the main road for fifty days. When he wanted to travel, the locals said to him: 'Where are you going, man? The daemon will meet you on the road. Do not travel, for many are caught.' When he heard this, he smiled and said: 'You fear these things, but I have Christ as my travelling companion.' . . . [He] met a very aged woman with the height of ten men. She went around spinning and grazed pigs. When he saw [the apparition], he sealed himself [with the sign of the cross] and stood there praying to God. At once she became invisible and the pigs fled with a great rush and Hypatius came through unharmed.77

Hypatius once denounced a man who came to the monastery wearing a 'three-tailed belt' of Artemis.78 Pagans in the countryside continued to sacrifice, like a group of forty men living in a building - possibly a temple - near the monastery.79 Negating the effects of magic was one of Hypatius' regular activities. He once lured a diviner to his monastery, conversed with him for a while and then interned him in one of the monks' cells. The man admitted making sacrifices to angels: 'If someone speaks to me about some matter, it is revealed to me at once during the night, and I tell them each to go and sacrifice a cow, a sheep or a bird at the idol-temple, and furthermore, if an angel reveals something to me, I tell.'80

Hypatius cared for many civil servants from Constantinople, some pagan, others Christian, whose political enemies had made them ill by subjecting them to magic spells and poisoning. Among them were the illustris Antiochus, and the subordinates and friends of the imperial chamberlain Urbicius.81 Hypatius made the sign of the cross on them with oil, sheltered them at the monastery and sometimes brought them to the martyr-shrines to bring about their cure. Hypatius welcomed pagans and performed many baptisms.82 For example, a pagan civil servant named Egersius had misplaced some official documents; after the monk accurately prophesied their recovery, the man

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