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martyrs of Africa even made their appeals in the dreams of Mediterranean Christians: it was allegedly a visitation by the martyred bishop Laetus that prompted Justinian to begin the reconquista of the African territories.179 The re-constitution of the Catholic Church in Africa under Byzantine rule faced difficulties; the ecclesiastical provinces demanded greater autonomy. As in other Western Christianities, bishops assumed administrative functions. The archaeological record testifies to Justinian's impressive rebuilding of Roman African cities, including their basilicas.180 At the dawn of the seventh century, Justinian's aggressive Christianity and military necessities prompted intensified missionary efforts among the Berbers.181

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