Shema Seal

The seal belonged to a servant of one of the early kings of Israel, either Jeroboam I, who ruled shortly after the reign of king Solomon from 931-909 B.C., or Jeroboam II, who ruled from 782-745 B.C. at the time of Jonah the prophet.

JEROBOAM I: According to the Bible, because king Solomon began worshiping the foreign gods of his many wives, The Lord took away ten tribes of Israel from his son's rule and placed Jeroboam as king over them. This is recorded in IKings 11:29-40:

"Now it happened at that time, when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite met him on the way; and he had clothed himself with a new garment, and the two were alone in the field. Then Ahijah took hold of the new garment that was on him, and tore it into twelve pieces. And he said to Jeroboam, "Take for yourself ten pieces, for thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: 'Behold, I will tear the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon and will give ten tribes to you '(but he shall have one tribe for the sake of My servant David, and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel), 'because they have forsaken Me, and worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the people of Am-mon, and have not walked in My ways to do what is right in My eyes and keep My statutes and My judgments, as did his father David.

'However I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand, because I have made him ruler all the days of his life for the sake of My servant David, whom I chose because he kept My commandments and My statutes. 'But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand and give it to you; ten tribes. 'And to his son I will give one tribe, that My servant David may always have a lamp before Me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen for Myself, to put My name there. 'So I will take you, and you shall reign over all your heart desires, and you shall be king over Israel. 'Then it shall be, if you heed all that I command you, walk in My ways, and do what is right in My sight, to keep My statutes and My commandments, as My servant David did, then I will be with you and build for you an enduring house, as I built for David, and will give Israel to you. 'And I will afflict the descendants of David because of this, but not forever.'

Solomon therefore sought to kill Jeroboam. But Jeroboam arose and fled to Egypt, to Shishak king of Egypt."

The name of the Egyptian king to whom Jeroboam fled, Pharaoh Shishak, has also been found on an inscription which lists the cities he conquered during his invasion of Israel.

This confirms the Bible in IKings 14:25-26:

"It happened in the fifth year of King Rehobo-am (Solomon's son) that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem. And he took away the treasures of the house of the LORD"

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