Descriptive Table Of The Illustrations

No. 1. Cherubic emblems of Assyrian Sculpture, designed from the existing remains found at Khorsabad. First Tract, p. 2.

No. 2. Ezekiel's prophetic variation of the Assyrian Symbolism. First Tract, p. 2.

No. 3. Ezekiel's prophetic Symbolism applied to the outer east gate of the Temple at Jerusalem, in illustration of Ezek. x, 1, 2. First Tract, pp. 9, 10.

No. 4. Relation of the outer to the inner east gate of the Temple at Jerusalem ;

on the supposition that the eight steps of the inner gates were as the seven steps to the lower gates increased by the threshold of the Priests' Court.—Ezek. xl, 22, 27. Compare No. 8 from Josephus, in illustration of Second Tract, pp. 11, 40.

No. 5. Elevation of the Priests' Court, omitting the gates at the east front. Compare Nos. 7 and 9 from Josephus, illustrating Second Tract, pp. 11, 40.

No. 6. Boundary walls and pavements of the Temple, to illustrate the vision of Ezek. viii, 6-17, as seen by him through an imagined hole in the wall, v. 7, 8. First Tract, pp. 4, 12.

No. 7. Elevation of the Temple, as described by Josephus, Antiq,. viii, in, 1-9 ;

Wars v, v, 1-7, omitting only the great outer court of the Gentiles. Compare No. 5, and Second Tract, p. 39.

No. 8. The Court of the Priests and Court of Israel, omitting the Court of the Women, and varying the turretted form of the side-chambers between the two east gates. Compare No. 4, and Second Tract, p. 40.

No. 9 as No. 8. Omitting the gates and wall of the east front, to shew the separate place towards the west, as standing on the upper pavement, and higher up on the hill side. See No. 5.

No. 10. The Temple, in the proportion of its other measurements to that of the great outer Court typically measured by Ezekiel, as 500 reeds square. Illustrating Second Tract, p. 38.

No. 11. The Car of Juggernaut.—From the Saturday Magazine for August 11, 1S32. Illustrating Second Tract, p. 46.

No. 12. Ancient Jerusalem, in its relation to the walls rebuilt by Nehemiah.— Reduced from the Christian Knowledge Society's map. Illustrating Second Tract, p. 32.

No. 13. The Laver and its bases, illustrating the Sccond Tract, p. 61.

Explanation of the Figures on the Map if Ancient Jerusalem.

1. The Sheep Gate of Nehem. iii, 1, an the south side of the towers of Meali ami


2. The Fhh Gate of Zeph. 1-10 ; now the YafFa Gate, or Gate of Bethlehem.

3. The Old Gate of Nehem. iii, G ; xii, 39. This, being at least one gate against the old Damascus road leading to the territories of Epliraim, may mean an older gate of Epliraim than that afterwards mentioned.

3' or 4. The Gate of Ephraim, Nebcin, xii, 39. This was situated near " the throne of the governor on this side the river" (i.e. the Euphrates), on comparison of Nehem. iii, 7, that being the phrase there used to identify the same locality.

4 or 4'. The New Gate of the higher Court (possibly the above-mentioned gate of

Ephraim, Nehem. xii, 39), called a gate of the Lord's house, Jerem. xxxi, 10, as leading directly to the north-west entrance of the Lord's house. Hence it was also called " the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the Lord" Jerem. xx, 2 ; and seems to have been " the high gate into the King's house,'''' 2 Chron. xxiii, 20, as the Horse Gate to the house of the Lord and to the King's house from the Damascus road.—Compare 2 Kings xi, 16 with Jer. xxxi, 40 ; Nehem. iii, 28.

If the road from Damascus, in Nehemiah's day, approached Jerusalem in the forked fonn of two distinct streets (as on this copy from the Society's map), then this may have been a gate of the northern wall at the terminus of the Damascus road nearest to the temple, as the Gate of Ephraim in 2 Kings xiv, 13, might have stood at the terminus of the more western road, and only at a distance of about 400 cubits from the Corner Gate or Fish Gate at the citadel.

5 k 5'. The Broad Wall.—This probably extended along both the north and north-west sides of the temple enclosure. This may refer to the "Millo" built by David and Solomon. It may thus mean the filling up of the valleys to obtain an enlarged area for the foundations of the temple enclosure towards the north, and for uniting the upper and lower cities. It might thus also involve a reference to the great breadth of the lower cloisters of the temple.

6. The Tower of the Furnaces.—This I imagine to have stood on the north side of the broad wall, and on the site afterwards occupied by the tower of Antonia.

6'. The miscallcd Pool of Bethesda.

6". The miscalled Gate of St Stephen.

7. The Valley Gate of Neh. iii, 13.—This was the point from which one of the two companies started at the dedication of the walls.—Neh. xii, 31.

8. The Dung Ga'c of Neh. iii, 13, 14; xii, 31.—This was situated about

1000 cubits (S. and S.E.) distant from the Valley Gate.

9. The Fountain Gate, between the Pool of Siloam and the King's Pool.— This was over against the stairs going up to the City of David.—Neh. ii, 14; iii, 15; xii, 37.

10. The Water Gate, lying eastward of Mount Zion, and above the stairs up to the city from the fountains.

11. Course of the Tyropmon, from the Valley of Gihon on the west, as extend ing along the south of Acra, to its junction with the Valleys of Hrn-nom and Jehoshaphat by the Pool of Siloam.

X. The " Beth-MiUo" of 2 Kings xii, 20.—This probably represents the site of the fort of Mount Zion, in David's day, as one with the armoury of Neh. iii, 19 (see Cant, iv, 4), and the Xystus, or Gymnasium, and House of Assembly, near the Water Gate, in later times.

M. The Gate Miplikad of Nehem. iii, 31.—This I take to be the East Gate of Ezekiel's vision, as the outer east gate of the temple properly so called, in its relation to the East Gate or Golden Gate of mediceval traditions founded on the prophecy of Ezekiel's vision. For MipKkad means visited, and the idea seems to have reference to the people and temple of God at Jerusalem being visited of Messiah in the day of his incarnation.—Malachi iii, 1-4.

CHERUBIC EMBLEMS OE ASSYRIAN SCULPTURE Designed from the existing xemams found, at Khorsa'ba.cLi layari's Nineveh p.136: Ferguson's .107, 245.

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N° 4.

Relation of the outer to the rrniex East gate of the Temple at Jcrirsaiem; on the supposition that the 8 steps of the inner £a.tes were as the seven steps to the lower gates increased "by the threshold of the Priests Court, Ezeluel XL. 22, 21.

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I the gates at the East froTit.

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