Xcvii

1. A. "And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years, so the days of

Jacob, the years of his life, were a hundred and forty-seven years" (Gen. 47:28):

B. [The basis of the question to follow is explained by Freedman, p. 885, n. 1: This passage is the beginning of a new lection, which normally is separated from the previous one by the space of nine letters, while sections in the same lection are separated by not less than three letters' space. This one, however, is separated from the previous one by the space of one letter only, and is therefore called closed.] Why then is this passage, among all of the passages that are in the Torah, closed [and not open, as explained by Freedman]?

C. At the point at which our father, Jacob, died, the subjugation of Israel by Egypt began.

2. A. Why then is this passage, among all of the passages that are in the

Torah, closed?

B. Because Jacob wanted to reveal the mysteries of the end, and they were closed off from him.

3. A. Why then is this passage, among all of the passages that are in the

Torah, closed?

B. Because from him all of the troubles of the world were closed off [since he enjoyed life in Egypt].

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