Lxxxviiiv

1. A. ["So the chief butler told his dream to Joseph and said to him, 'In my dream there was a vine before me, and on the vine there were three branches; as soon as it budded, its blossoms shot forth, and the clusters ripened into grapes. Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup and placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand'" (Gen. 49:11-13)]. ". . . there was a vine before me:" this refers to Israel: "You plucked up a vine out of Egypt" (Ps. 80:9).

B. "... and on the vine there were three branches:" this refers to Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.

C. "... as soon as it budded, its blossoms shot forth:" specifically, the blossoming of the redemption of Israel.

D. "... and the clusters ripened into grapes:" as soon as the vine budded, it blossomed, and as soon as the grapes blossomed, the clusters ripened.

2. A. " 'Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup and placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand. And I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup and placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand.'. . . 'you shall place Pharaoh's cup in his hand:'"

B. On what basis did sages ordain that there should be four cups of wine for Passover?

C. R. Hunah in the name of R. Benaiah: "They correspond to the four times that redemption is stated with respect to Egypt: 'I will bring you out. . . and I will deliver you . . . and I will redeem you . . . and I will take you' (Ex. 6:6-7)."

D. R. Samuel b. Nahman said, "They correspond to the four times that 'cups' are mentioned here: 'Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup and placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand. And I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup.'"

E. R. Levi said, "They correspond to the four kingdoms."

F. R. Joshua b. Levi said, "They correspond to the four cups of fury that the Holy One, blessed be he, will give the nations of the world to drink: 'For thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, to me, "Take this cup of the wine of fury" " (Jer. 25:15). 'Babylon has been a golden cup in the Lord's hand' (Jer. 51:7). 'For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup' (Ps. 75:9). 'And burning wind shall be the portion of their cup' (Ps. 11:6).

G. "And in response to these, the Holy One, blessed be he, will give Israel four cups of salvation to drink in the age to come: 'O Lord, the portion of my inheritance and of my cup, you maintain my lot' (Ps. 16:5). 'You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies, you have anointed my head with oil, my cup runs over' (Ps. 23:5). 'I will lift up the cup of salvations and call upon the name of the Lord' (Ps. 116:13).

H. "What is said is not 'cup of salvation' but 'cup of salvations,' one in the days of the Messiah, the other in the time of Gog and Magog."

3. A. Joseph said to him, "[Since the dream refers to Israel's coming re demption,] you have brought me a good gospel, so I shall now give you a good gospel: 'within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your office.'

4. A. "But remember me, when it is well with you, and do me the kind ness, I pray you, to make mention of me to Pharaoh, and so get me out of this house. For I was indeed stolen out of the land of the Hebrews, and here also I have done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon" (Gen. 40:14-15):

B. Said R. Aha, "On the basis of the use of the verb 'stolen' twice [in the statement, 'indeed stolen,'] we learn that he was stolen twice."

5. A. "... that they should put me into the dungeon:"

B. Said R. Abin, "The meaning is that they put [One] with me in prison. [Freedman, p. 817, n. 4: The divine Presence accompanied me.]"

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