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1. A. "Then Jacob tore his garments and put sackcloth upon his loins and mourned for his son many days" (Gen. 37:34):

B. R. Phineas in the name of R. Hoshaiah: "The tribal fathers caused their father to tear his garments, and where were they paid back? In Egypt: 'And they tore their clothes' (Gen. 44:13).

C. "Joseph caused the tribal fathers to tear their clothes. He was paid back in the case of the son of his son: 'And Joshua tore his clothes' (Josh. 7:6).

D. "Benjamin caused the tribal fathers to tear their clothes. He was paid back in Shushan, the capital: 'Mordecai tore his clothes' (Est. 4:1).

E. "Manasseh caused the tribal fathers to tear their clothes. He was paid back by having his inheritance divided into half, half on the other side of the Jordan, and half in the land of Canaan."

2. A. "... and put sackcloth upon his loins:"

B. Said R. Aibu, "Because Jacob took hold of sackcloth, therefore sackcloth did not leave him or his children to the end of all generations:

C. " Ahab: 'And he put sackcloth on his flesh and fasted' (1 Kgs. 21:27).

D. "Joram: 'And the people looked, and behold, he had sackcloth within upon his flesh' (2 Kgs. 6:30).

E. "Mordecai: 'And he put sackcloth and ashes' (Est. 4:1)."

Once more, what the brothers did, their descendants had to pay for. The premise of this entire account comes to explicit statement in the treatment of Jacob's blessing of the tribal ancestors. Here he reviews the entire future history of Israel.

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