1. A. "But to the sons of his concubines, Abraham gave gifts, and while he was still living, he sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward to the east country" (Gen. 25:6):
B. In the time of Alexander of Macedonia the sons of Ishmael came to dispute with Israel about the birthright, and with them came two wicked families, the Canaanites and the Egyptians.
C. They said, "Who will go and engage in a disputation with them?"
D. Gebiah b. Qosem [the enchanter] said, "I shall go and engage in a disputation with them."
E. They said to him, "Be careful not to let the Land of Israel fall into their possession."
F. He said to them, "I shall go and engage in a disputation with them. If I win over them, well and good. And if not, you may say, 'Who is this hunchback to represent us?'"
G. He went and engaged in a disputation with them. Said to them Alexander of Macedonia, "Who lays claim against whom?"
H. The Ishmaelites said, "We lay claim, and we bring our evidence from their own Torah: 'But he shall acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the hated' (Deut. 21:17). Now Ishmael was the firstborn. [We therefore claim the land as heirs of the first-born of Abraham.]"
I. Said to him Gebiah b. Qosem, "My royal lord, does a man not do whatever he likes with his sons?"
K. "And lo, it is written, 'Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac' (Gen. 25:2)."
L. [Alexander asked,] "Then where is the deed of gift to the other sons?"
M. He said to him, " 'But to the sons of his concubines, Abraham gave gifts, [and while he was still living, he sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward to the east country]' (Gen. 25:6)."
N. [The Ishmaelites had no claim on the land.] They abandoned the field in shame.
O. The Canaanites said, "We lay claim, and we bring our evidence from their own Torah. Throughout their Torah it is written, 'the land of Canaan.' So let them give us back our land."
P. Said to him Gebiah b. Qosem, "My royal lord, does a man not do whatever he likes with his slave?"
R. He said to him, "And lo, it is written, 'A slave of slaves shall Canaan be to his brothers' (Gen. 9:25). So they are really our slaves."
S. [The Canaanites had no claim to the land and in fact should be serving Israel.] They abandoned the field in shame.
T. The Egyptians said, "We lay claim, and we bring our evidence from their own Torah. Six hundred thousand of them left us, taking away our silver and gold utensils: 'They despoiled the Egyptians' (Ex. 12:36). Let them give them back to us."
U. Gebiah b. Qosem said, "My royal lord, six hundred thousand men worked for them for two hundred and ten years, some as silversmiths and some as goldsmiths. Let them pay us our salary at the rate of a denar a day."
V. The mathematicians went and added up what was owing, and they had not reached the sum covering a century before the Egyptians had to forfeit what they had claimed. They abandoned the field in shame.
W. [Alexander] wanted to go up to Jerusalem. The Samaritans said to him, "Be careful. They will not permit you to enter their most holy sanctuary."
X. When Gebiah b. Qosem found out about this, he went and made for himself two felt shoes, with two precious stones worth twenty thousand pieces of silver set in them. When he got to the mountain of the house [of the Temple], he said to him, "My royal lord, take off your shoes and put on these two felt slippers, for the floor is slippery, and you should not slip and fall."
Y. When they came to the most holy sanctuary, he said to him, "Up to this point, we have the right to enter. From this point onward, we do not have the right to enter."
Z. He said to him, "When we get out of here, I'm going to even out your hump."
AA. He said to him, "You will be called a great surgeon and get a big fee."
2. A. "[But to the sons of his concubines, Abraham gave gifts, and while he was still living,] he sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward to the east country]'" (Gen. 25:6):
B. He said to them, "Go as far to the east as you can, so as not to be burned by the flaming coal of Isaac."
C. But because Esau came to make war with Jacob, he took his appropriate share on his account: "Is this your joyous city, whose feet in antiquity, in ancient days, carried her afar off to sojourn? Who has devised this against Tyre, the crowning city?" (Is. 23:7).
D. Said R. Eleazar, "Whenever the name of Tyre is written in Scripture, if it is written out [with all of the letters], then it refers to the province of Tyre. Where it is written without all of its letters [and so appears identical to the word for enemy], the reference of Scripture is to Rome. [So the sense of the verse is that Rome will receive its appropriate reward.]"
E. [As to the sense of the word for] "the crowning city,"
F. R. Abba bar Kahana said, "It means that they surrounded the city like a crown."
G. R. Yannai, son of R. Simeon b. R. Yannai, said, "They surrounded it with a fence of thorns."
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