Since John's Gospel begins with the words "In the beginning;' it seems likely that John is alluding to Genesis 1:1. But while Genesis 1:1 continues with, "God created . ..," John begins his Gospel with, "In the beginning was the Word . . ." He tells us that the Word already existed "in the beginning."
In Genesis the creation of the universe and time itself marks "the beginning"; in John the existence of the Word precedes that beginning.
The Creator of the universe obviously existed before the universe because He caused the universe to come into being.
John explicitly says that it was the Word—Jesus Christ—through whom all things were created (John 1:3). Paul agrees completely with John in language that is unmistakable (Ephesians 3:9), adding, "He is before all things and in Him all things consist" (Colossians 1:16-17). (See "Jesus' Disciples Considered Him the Creator," page 11.)
Paul makes the logical point that since Christ was the agent by whom all things were created, then He must have necessarily existed before the creation. Jesus also referred to His existing before the creation when, in praying to the Father, He spoke of "the glory I had with you before the world began " (John 17:5, NIV).
Jesus speaks of the relationship between Himself and the Father "before the foundation of the world" (verse 24), a phrase echoed by Paul in Ephesians 1:4.
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