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Which guide the celestial bodies and all the terms used are technical terms of astrology.* Now Romans is Paul's apologia to his own nation, and we may assume that here, as in his Christology, he has been careful to avoid anything that would offend a Jewish Christian. Yet we find a complete astrological scheme. Man, even the Christian, is subject to powers of evil, the lords of the planetary spheres, who are also the principalities and powrers which govern the nations. And now we can see what...

Pharisaism And Hellenism

I shall not attempt in this lecture to cover the whole field of Pharisaism in its contact with Hellenism, or to examine the influence of that contact on the text of the Septuagint. My subject will be almost entirely the literature of Hellenistic Judaism of the orthodox Pharisaic type even about that, I shall have to put forward some rather unorthodox views, which I shall have to ask you to accept without anything like an adequate investigation of the evidence. Our sources fall into three main...

H F Stewart

CASUISTRY JEWISH AND JESUIT DIALECTICS My subject this afternoon is casuistry, or the solving of cases of conscience, at two different periods of history, by two different schools of thought and practice.* Casuistry is of two kinds, (a) simple or natural, (b) scientific or theological. It bears a bad name to-day (since Pascal's attack in the Provincial Letters in 1656) because of abuse of the second kind. Simple casuistry is as old as the hills or as the dawn of conscience, and it is as natural...

Renaissance And Reformation

The Age of the Renaissance and Reformation was for the Jew the Age of the Inquisition and the Ghetto. Expelled in theory from the greater part of Western Europe as social parasites, blasphemers and magicians, the Jews as a racial group were usually confined to the Ghetto yet a few distinguished individuals* did very much to further the culture which Christian scholars regarded as valuable, and the biblical criticism which gave the Reformation its intellectual foundation. In no previous century,...

Mittwoch S Islamic Liturgy And Cult

Are concerned partly with ideas common both to Judaism and Christianity, as, for example, Fatherhood of God, Universalism, Personal Responsibility, Retribution, Belief in Resurrection and a Hereafter. But agreement on this point does not carry us very far, for as soon as we turn to particular institutions, the scholars who have carried out research on them differ widely as to their Jewish or Christian source. A few general observations may, therefore, not be out of place. In dealing with...

Work against Thee and gainsay Thee with all their might and who also shall all be lost55 Gods answer comes

I will tell thee thou art right to say that God should have mercy on poor Christendom for know that, for many hundred years, Christendom hath never been so poor and so evil as in these days. But, whereas thou sayest that the evil Jewish folk and the evil heathen folk shall all be lost, that is not true God hath, in these days, far more love for a part of the heathen and a part of the Jews than for many men who bear the Christian name, yet live against all Christian ordinances. When a Jew or a...