List Of Abbreviations

M. = Mishnah; thus, M. Gitt. ix. 10 means Mishnah, treatise Gittin, chapter ix., section 10.

T. = Tosephta; thus, T. Sanh. viii. 7 means Tosephta, treatise Sanhedrin, chapter viii., section 7.

R. = Rabbi, or Rab; thus, R. Jehoshua means Rabbi Jehoshua.

Passages from the Rabbinical literature are cited by the leaf and the page, or the leaf and the column, following the name of the treatise. Passages from the Jerusalem Talmud are distinguished by the letter j before the name of the treatise, those from the Babylonian Talmud by the letter b similarly placed ; thus j. Hag. means Jerusalem Talmud, treatise Hagigah; b. B. Mez. means Babylonian Talmud, treatise Baba Mezia.

The names of the several treatises, which are the same for Mishnah, Tosephta, and both Talmuds, also the names of the Midrashim, are abbreviated as follows :—

Ab.

Aboth.

Jom.

Joma.

A. d. R. N.

1 Aboth de Rabbi

Kail.

Kallah.

( Nathan.

Kil.

Kilaim.

A. Zar.

Abhodah Zarah.

Keth.

Kethuboth.

Bamm. r.

j Bammidbar Rab-

Kidd.

Kiddushin.

\ bah.

Meg.

Megillah.

Bechor.

Bechoroth.

Menah.

Menahoth.

Ber.

Berachoth.

M. Qat.

Moed Qatan.

Ber. r.

Bereshith Rabbah.

Nedar.

Nedarim.

Bicc.

Biccurim.

Nidd.

Niddah.

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