Matt 820Luke 958GTh 86158

Matt. 8.20

Luke 9.58

GTh 86

And Jesus savs to him. 'Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lav his

And Jesus said to him. 'Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lav his

lesus said, [Foxes have their holes] and birds have [theirl nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lav his

head'.

head'.

head (and) to rest.

Thomas clearly knows this tradition; it is the only Son of Man saying in Thomas. The contrast indicated is quite conceivable as a general son of man = humankind nature provides an appropriate habitat for creatures like foxes and birds, but human beings (bar 'enasa) require more before they can sleep comfortably. But in the context within which the saying was remembered and circulated (Matt. 8.19-22/Luke 9.57-62), bar 'enasa was obviously taken a self-reference, that is, as a warning to less than wholly committed would-be disciples.160 Either way the saying is not untypical of Jesus' use of exaggeration for effect: human beings can live in caves and Jesus could usually expect hospitality during his mission. But, as with Matt. 6.25-34/Luke 12.2232, he evidently wanted to press home the need for greater, more radical trust in God.161

(5) In one other case already cited the most obvious explanation is that an underlying bar was used with more directly personal reference: Matt.

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