The nineteenth century outpouring of the Holy Spirit in Wales, Scotland and Armenia all around 1850 has not received nearly as much publicity as the early 1900 revival in the U.S.A. The Brethren Movement, starting around 1830, provided the ground for the Holy Spirit revival around 1850. The Brethren Movement emphasized the sufficiency of the Bible to provide everything needed for rules governing church affairs.
They also developed the concept that the Bible was the final authority. They asserted that all Christians are in the "Body of Christ" in an effort to combat the damaging effects of sectarian denominationalism. This led to a revival of home meetings because they added the concept of the "priesthood of all believers."
The Methodists produced the Brethren and the Salvation Army was born from the Brethren. The Salvation Army emphasized the "social" aspects of the gospel-- the physical needs of the body were ministered to -- especially the under-privileged. Mormonism started spontaneously. The Keswick Movement seems to have had its roots in the other nineteenth century revival denominations and emphasized the importance of communication of ideas by writing and printing. This brought forth multitudes of books and tracts.
Each revival denomination believed and taught that they alone had all of God's revelation. They reacted bitterly against each new revival. Rather than embracing each newly revealed truth they assigned their teachers and professors to write books and articles on why the new "wild fire" was to be quenched. This produced violent conflict among denominations.
Sectarian denominationalism became more strongly entrenched. Each group began to teach theirs was the only one that heard from God -- that all others were ignorantly using the scriptures to their own destruction and that God's rewards -- especially the "rapture" -- were for their group only.
Was this article helpful?