The Second Wave Of Hellenism

11. The Flowering of Philosophy 69

12. The Progress of Ash'ante Theology 75

a) al-Baqillani 76

b) the Ash 'antes of Nishapur 7 9

13. Al-Ghazali and later Ash'arites 85

a) his life 86

b) his study of philosophy 89 ^c) his practice of sufism 91

d) the successors of al-Ghazali 92

14. Other Sunnite Theologians, 950-1250 98

ia) the Hanbalites 98

b) the Maturidites 104

c) the Mu'tazilites 106

d) minor schools 109

15. Theology and Philosophy in the Islamic West 112

contents

16. The Elaboration of Shi'ite Theology 122

a) the Imamites 122

b) the Isma'ilites 124

c) theZaydites 128

Part Four

THE LATER ISLAMIC MIDDLE AGES, 1250-1850

17. The Stagnation of Philosophical Theology 133

18. The Vitality of the Hanbalites 142

19. The Transformation of Shi'ism 149

a) the Imamites 149

b) the Isma'ilites 153

Part Five THE MODERN PERIOD

20. The Theological Response to the Impact of the West 157

General Bibliography 164

Index 167

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