Ibrahim Mujahid Bin Rois

'grace' (tawfiq), 27 Greek sciences, philosophy, etc., see Hellenism

Hadith(s) ('Traditions'), 12, 20, 26, 28-9,52,56,57,89,95,123,151; al-Ash'ari's dreams of, 65; interpretation, 80, 81,113 al-Häfiz, 125

Hajjl Mullä Häd! as-Sabzawärl, 153 al-Hakim as-Samarqandi, 104-5 häl, see ahwäl al-Halläj, 62, 78,101, 102,109 Al-Hamawiyya al-kubrä, 143 Hamld-ad-dln al-Kiimäni, 128 Hanafite schools, 23, 24 Hanafites, 57, 58, 59, 67, 76, 79, 81, iox, 104,106,137,140,141,143 Hanbalites, 42, 57-8, 64-5, 66, 75, 77, 83, 98-104, 109,114,124, 136, 140,142-7 al-Härith al-Muhäsibi, see al-Muhäsibl Härün ar-Rashld, 42, 47, 53 al-Hasan (son of'Ali), 14,16, 129 Hasan 11,127 Á1-Hasan al'Askari, 60 al-Hasan al-Basri, 27-8, 47, 52 al-Hasan ibn-Müsá an-Nawbakhtí, ' 61

al-Hasan ibn-Muhammad ibn-al-Hanafiyya, 21

Hasan-i Sabbäh, 125, 126,127 Häshim, Häshimites, 16, 17 Hayy ibn-Yaqzän, 116-17 Heaven, see Paradise Hegel, G. W. F., 158 Hell, 51, 52, 68

Hellenists, Hellenism, 22, 29-30, 33, 37-44, 46, 53/ 54-5, 68, 69, 71-3, 89-91,117,150, 158; attraction for Muslims, 41-2; education, 37, 38-9, 69; translations, 37-8, 41 ; Western influence as, 157 ; see also Neoplatonism heresies, 19, 34, ir4,143 heresiographers, vii, 23, 35, 44, 80,

136 hijra, 8

hikmat al-ishrâq, 152 Hishäm (caliph), 28 Hishâm ibn-al-Hakam, 43, 53 Horten, Max, 152, 153 Hourani, George F., 107,108 Hulagu, 150 Hunayn ibn-Is'haq, 38 al-Husayn, 14, 16, 36, 100, 129 Husaynites, 129-30 'hypocrites' (munäfiqün), 9

Iamblichus, 153 'ibäda, 144 Ibädites, 13 Ibäna, 66, 77 Iblis, see Satan Ibn-'Abbäd, 106-7,129 Ibn-'Aqïl, roi, 102-3, 104 Ibn-'Arabï, see Muhyi-d-dîn ibn-al-'Arabï; Àbû-Bakr ibn-al-'Arabî Ibn-'Asâkir, 75, 92 Ibn-Bâbawayh al-Qummî, 122,

123-4 Ibn-Bâjja, ri6 Ibn-Barrajân, 109 Ibn-Batta al-Ukbarî, 99-100 Ibn-Fûrak, 64, 76, 79-80, 81 Ibn-Hamïd, 101

Ibn-Hazm, 80, ir3-i4, 115 Ibn-Hishâm, 37 Ibn-Hubayra, 103 Ibn-al-Jawzi, 103-4 Ibn-Jubayr, 91 _ Ibn-Karrâm, 59,109 ™ Ibn-Khaldùn, 67, 76, 94, 120,138

Ibn-al-Khatib, see Fakhr-ad-din ar-Razi Ibn-Kullab, 58 Ibn-Malka, 94 Ibn-Manda, 104 Ibn-Masarra, 116 Ibn-Miskawayh, 70-1 Ibn-Mujahid, 57 Ibn-al-Muqaffa', 34 Ibn-al-Mutahhar al-Hilli, see

'Allama-i Hilli Ibn-Qayyipa-al-Jawziyya, 145 Ibn-Qudama, see Muwaffaq-ad-din ibn-Qudama Ibn-Ra'iq, 61 Ibn-Rushd, see Averroes Ibn-Sab'in, ir9-20 Ibn-Salim, 62 Ibn-Sam'un, 99 Ibn-Simjur, 79 Ibn-Sina, see Avicenna Ibn-Taymiyya, 94, 101, 109, 135,

142-6,147,150 Ibn-Tufayl, 116-17 Ibn-Tumart, 115-16,117 Ibn-az-Zubayr, 7, 8, 9,10,15, 21 Ibrahim, 11

Ibrahim Burhan-ad-din, 140

Ibrahim al-Hamidi, 128

Ibrahim ibn-Sayyar, see an-Nazzam

'idolatry', 10-11

r/dz al-Qufan, 78

ifbai, 29

al-lji, 137, 138,139

ijtihad, 151

Al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun, 160 Ikhwan as-$afa', 73-4,128 iktisab, see kasb Il-Khans, 137

Imam al-Haramayn, see al-Juwayni imamat al-mafdiil, 17 Imamites, 16, 43, 59-62, 65, 72, 77, 99,101,106,108-9,122-4,127, 139,144, r49-50, i5r-3, 161; Rafidites as, 36 imams, 16-17, 33, 34, 60,126-7,

129-30,151,15 3; use of term, 35; see also leadership iman ('faith'), 22, 23, 58, 67 Inconsistency of the Inconsistency,

The, 118, 119 Inconsistency of the Philosophers, The, 90, 91, 93

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