Index

India, 147,154, 157, 159,160 'Inquisition' (Mihna), 35, 46, 48, 49,

53,56,65,135 intuitionism, 107 Iqbal, Mohammad, 162 Al-Iqtisädfl-l-i'tiqäd, 90, 92 Iran, 151,152, 153, 161 ; see also

Persians iijff, 21-4, 29, 30, 52 Irshäd, 82-3 al-Isfaräyini, 80, 81-2 Ishräq, 91 al-Iskäfi, 53

Ismä'il (son of Ja'far), 127 Ismâ'lûtes, Ismä'ilism, 16, 59-60, 73, 87-8, 93, 100, 101, 124-8, 130, 149-SO, 153-4 isnad, 57

Al-Istibsäi fl-mä ikhtalafa fî-hi rakhbäi, 123 i'tazala, 47,48 Ithnä'asharites, 60,127 Ivanow, W., 127,154 Izutsu, Toyohiko, 153

jabr, 29 Jabrites, 23, 29

Ja'far (Muhammad's cousin), 15 Ja'far, Qädi, 129, 130 Ja'far ibn-Harb, 53 Ja'far ibn-äl-Mubashshir, 5 3 Ja'far as-Sädiq, 16 Jahm ibn-$afwän, 48 Jaläl-ad-dln, see ad-Dawânï Jamä'at-i-Islämi, 160 Jarir, 27

Al-Jawhaia, 140 Jawziyya, 104

Jesus, 50, 127; see also Christianity Jews, 15, 78,119; see also Judaism jihäd ('holy war'), 116 al-Jiläni, al-Jili, see 'Abd-al-Qädir jism, 77, 79

John, Saint, of Damascus, 41-2 al-Jubbä'i, 54, 64, 65 Judaism, 5-6,29, 37, 77; see also Jews jurisprudence, 76,92, 98,143,151 ,• importance in Islamic education, 76, 86; principles of, 56-7, 123 al-Jurjâni, 138,139 fust Mean in Belief, The, 90, 92 al-Juwaynl, 81, 82-3, 86, 87, 93, 95, 107

al-KaTji, 54

al-Kafifi'ilm ad-din, 123 kafirun, 10

Kalam ('philosophical theology'), 37, 42,43-4, 46-8, 57, 64, 67, 68, 91, 92, 93,94-5,109, 140; and education, 76,• Hanbalites and, 98-9,101 kalam ('speech'), 50 Kalila and Dimna, 34 kalima, 50 Kant, Immanuel, 158 Karramites, 59, 77, 79-80, 81, 101,

105,109 kasb ('acquisition'), 29, 42-3, 66 al-Kashanl, see Mulla Muhsin-i-Fayd al-Kashi Kashshaf, 108 Kaysan, Kaysanites, 15 Keys of the Unseen, The, 94 Kharijites, Kharijism, 2-6, 8-14, 21, 23, 50, 52,104; and exclusion, 4, 9-11,12, 24, 59; and government, 9-11,12, 28, 30; and nomadic society, 5, meaning of name, 2-3; moderate, 10,11, 47

Khomeini, 161 Kifayat al-'awamm, 140 killing, ethics of, 2, 5, 8-9 al-Kindi (Abu-Yusuf), 39-40, 43,

69-70 kings, divine, 6,15 Kitab al-fisal, 114 Kitab al-funun, 103 Kitab al-milal wa-n-nihal, 75 Kitab al-Muhalla, 114 Kitab at-tamhid, 76-7 Kitab at-Tawhid, 67 al-Kulini, 122,123 Kullabites, 107 Kullabiyya, 58-9, 64 al-Kunduri, 80-1, 82

lafz, 58 al-Lahiji, 153

142,144,146 al-Laqani, 140

see also imams liberalizing movement, 162-3 liberalism, 159 Luma' (al-Ash'ari), 66,77 al-Luma' (al-Juwaynl), 82

Al-Mabahith al-mashriqiyya, 94

madhahib, 57

Mafatih al-ghayb, 94

Maghrib, 112-20,138

al-Mahdl (caliph), 33

127, 130 Mahmashadh, Banu, 79 Mahmud of Ghazna, 79, ioo, 109 Majldites, 125

Makdisi, George, 75, 102, 104 Malikites, 57, 76, 117, 118, 138,139,

140, 143 Ma'mar, see Mu'ammar Mamluks, 133, 143, 145 al-Ma'mun, 34-5, 36, 38, 48, 49, 53, 135

Man la yahduiu-hu 1-faqih, 123 Manekdlm, 129 Manichaeans, 34, 41 Maqalat al-islamiyyin, 52, 66 Maqasid al-falasifa, 90, 93 Marabouts, 116 marriage, 11 Marxism, 160

Massignon, Louis, 62, 82,109 al-Maturidi, 67-8, 104, 105 Maturidites, 67,104-5,138, 141 mawali, see 'clients' Mawaqif, 137,138, 139 Mawdoodi, 160 medicine, 37, 40, 41, 69, 71, 72 Mihna, see 'Inquisition' militarism, 17, 35 military service, 3 Minhaj al-karama, 150 Minhaj as-sunna an-nabawiyya,

144, 150 MirDamad, 152 Miracle and Magic, 78-9 miracles, 78-9 Miskawayh, 70-x missionaries, 126 Mizan al-'amal, 90-1 Moguls, 134,140 Mohammad Iqbal, see Iqbal,

Mohammad Mongols, 126, 133,134, 137-8,

150, iS3 Monophysites, 1, 5-6 Moses, 49,78-9,109,127 Mu'ammar, 47, 52-3 Mu'awiya, r, 2, 3, 7,10,12,14, 26 al-Mu'ayyad, 129 Al-Mughni, 106,107

Muhammad, 2, 4, 12, x6, 20, 78; al-Ash'ari's dream of, 65; ibn-Hishäm's life of 37; life, 1,5,8; sayings, 26,29, 95 Muhammad (son of al-Hasan al'Askari), 60 Muhammad'Abduh, 161-2 Muhammad 'All, 158 Muhammad Amin al-Astaräbädhl,

0 0

Post a comment