On the question of the nature of resurrection, issues engaged are the nature of the spirit or soul, and what exactly is to be resurrected. On this Muslim opinions have varied, with the great majority stressing the physicality of resurrection, given that nothing is impossible for God (cf. Qur'an 36:81).

A complete denial of resurrection is heretical, since it runs counter to the Qur'an's clear pronouncement in 75:1-6 and elsewhere. However, a denial of physical resurrection was upheld by certain Mu'tazilites and by falsafa practitioners such as Firibi and Avicenna.22 One aspect of the insistence on bodily resurrection arose from the fact that Islam rejected the usual Western body-mind distinction.

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