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MAGI Wise men from the East, often referred to as the three kings, who visited the baby Jesus in Bethlehem.

Magi

MANGER A trough from which animals eat; specifically, used as a "cradle" for the baby Jesus.

MANTLE A loose, sleeveless overgarment worn by priests during church services.

MARTYR A person who suffers death rather than renounce their religious beliefs.

MESSIAH One of Christ's titles; specifically, the long-awaited saviour of the Jews.

MIRACLE An occurrence that cannot be explained by the laws of nature and is attributed to God or a saint.

MITRE A tall, pointed headdress worn by bishops and abbots.

MONASTERY A place where monks live and worship together as a community.

MONK A male member of a religious community who has taken a vow of poverty, chastity, and obedience.

MYRRH A kind of fragrant resin; one of the gifts brought to the baby Jesus by the magi.

NUN A female member of a religious community who has taken a vow of poverty, chastity, and obedience.

ORTHODOX Relating to the Eastern branch of Christianity.

PAGAN A person who worships many gods or any religion other than Christianity, Judaism, or Islam.

PARABLE A story told to teach a lesson.

PATEN A ceremonial plate used to carry bread for the Eucharist.

PIETA A scene, often depicted in religious art, of Mary holding the dead Jesus after he has been taken down from the cross.

PILGRIM A person who travels to a sacred place as an act of religious devotion.

POPE The elected head of the Catholic Church.

PRIEST A person ordained to lead church services and perform sacraments.

PSALM A sacred song or poem.

SACRAMENT A formal religious ceremony conferring God's grace on those who receive it. All denominations recognize baptism and the Eucharist as sacramental rites.

SACRIFICE An offering of something valued to a god or for the sake of a higher consideration.

SAINT A person whose good works on Earth have earned them official recognition as holy beings from the Church after his or

Pietà

PSALTER A book of psalms for devotional use.

PULPIT A podium in a church from which readings or sermons are delivered.

PURGATORY According to Catholic belief, a place between Heaven and Hell, where one may have to wait for sins to be absolved before being admitted into Heaven.

MARTYR A person who suffers death rather than renounce their religious beliefs.

PSALTER A book of psalms for devotional use.

Pulpit

RITUAL A prescribed form of religious ceremony.

Pulpit

RELIC A scrap of clothing, bone, or other artefact from the life of a saint, wliich is believed to help its holder in understanding the scriptures and often to have healing properties as well.

RESURRECTION Jesus's coming back to life from death.

RITUAL A prescribed form of religious ceremony.

ROSARY A circular string of beads with a crucifix attached, used as a devotional aid in Catholic prayer.

SABBATH A day of rest and worship: Sunday for Christians, Saturday for Jews.

her death.

SCHISM One of two major breaks in the Christian Church -between the Eastern and Western churches in the 11th century, or between the papal seats of Rome and Avignon during the 14th and 15th centuries.

SCRIPTURE The writings of the Bible, also known as Holy Writ.

SECT see DENOMINATION.

SHRINE A place or object of worship.

SOUL The spiritual part of a person as opposed to the physical body.

SPIRE A vertical, pointed structure that rises above a church's roofline.

STOLE A long, thin band worn over the shoulders of a priest.

TRANSUBSTANTIATION The Catholic doctrine that bread and wine changes into the body and blood of Christ when blessed during the Eucharist.

TRINITY The three aspects of God, consisting of the Father Son, and Holy Spirit.

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