Orthodox bishop's vestments
During the 14th and 15th centuries, many people in Europe were worried that the Catholic church was becoming corrupt. In the early-16th century three men - Martin Luther from Germany, Ulrich Zwingli from Switzerland, and John Calvin from France - spearheaded the reform of the church across Europe. In the movement now known as the Reformation, they and their followers founded new, Protestant churches. These churches rejected the control of the pope and bishops and stressed the importance of the Bible and preaching God's word.
Medal from the 1500s depicting the pope as Satan
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