Early Ideas

Englishman John Wyclif, a theologian and politician, began to demand church reform in the late-14th century. Many of his ideas - such as the denial of the pope's authority and the call for the Bible to be translated into modern European languages - were taken up by later reformers all over Europe. In this painting by Ford Madox Brown, Wyclif is reading from his translation of the Bible.

Medal from the 1500s depicting the pope as Satan

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