Traditions about the Flight of the Holy Family into Egypt

The visitor who passes through Cairo and studies the folders for the myriad tours offered by the various sightseeing agencies will notice that, in addition to the excursions to the pyramids and Saqqara and the trips to the Muhammad 'Ali Mosque and the Mosques of Sultan Hassan and Ibn Tulun, a visit to the ancient Coptic churches of Old Cairo is offered. Many visitors are only now being exposed for the first time to Coptic Christianity, which represents one of the most ancient churches of...

The Canons of the Coptic Church

Only fifteen years after its foundation, the church was already faced with the need to enact certain regulations for the Gentile converts to Christianity. These enactments, made at the Council of the Apostles at Jerusalem in 48 (Acts 15), may be regarded as the beginning of what was known later as canon law, and, in the centuries that followed, the church was forced on many occasions to enact such laws to establish correct belief, to regulate the performance of the Divine Liturgy and the...

The Theological Contributions of the See of Alexandria

The Spread of Coptic Monasticism to the Orient and the Occident The outstanding contribution of the Egyptian Church to world Christianity was the monastic movement, which received its impetus from men like Saints Antony, Paul of Thebes, Macarius, and others. Saint Antony's name became known and associated with a new way of life leading to salvation. His disciple Saint Macarius, who stayed with Saint Antony at least twice, established Antonian monasticism in the Desert of Scetis, where several...

The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church

The Holy Synod is the highest ecclesiastical body in the church and is responsible for the church's spiritual, ecclesiastical, structural, organizational, and economic affairs. From the beginning of the fourth century, the Holy Synod, made up of all the members of the Coptic episcopate, attended the important ecumenical councils and synods. The members of the Holy Synod are always expected to be present at the coction and consecration of the holy myron. The historical data of the Holy Synod...

The Pontificate of Shenuda III

The unprecedented revival of the Coptic Church toward the second half of the twentieth century is one of the great historical events of world Christianity. Whereas in many parts of the world, historians recognize a certain stagnation of the Christian witness, the sons and daughters of the pharaohs are filled with an unheard-of enthusiasm for the establishment of the kingdom of God and for evangelization through their Coptic Church. This spiritual renaissance had its beginnings half a century...