Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls

The Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (ca. AD 37-ca. 100) describes three Jewish sects (i.e., the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the Essenes) that he states all came into existence ca. 146 BC.2 By the first century AD, the Pharisees and Sadducees had become members of the establishment supporting the Herodian family and making concessions with the Romans. The Essenes were not interested in politics, but simply accepted the authority of the ruling establishment without argument. Only the newly...

The Baptism of John

The many connections between John the Baptist's movement and the Dead Sea Scroll sect have been noticed by many. Some of these are the proximity of time and place,100 the utilization of Isaiah 40 3,101 the belief in the destruction of the wicked by fire,102 the indictment of the Jewish nation,103 the priestly ties,104 and the expectation of a messianic personage (i.e., a King).105 However, because of certain alleged differences (especially the difference between John's baptism and the sectarian...

Info

AD 37, the schismatics led by Dositheus moved to the land of Damascus. The Mandaean tradition in the Haran Gawaita about 60,000 ( ) Mandaeans fleeing from Judea to Hauran (i.e., Auranitis) may be referring to this movement to the land of Damascus.439 Also, King Ardban of the Haran Gawaita may be the Parthian king Artabanus III (ca. AD 12-38).440 434. 1QS 8 1-2, 6, 9 14, 17-8. Thiering identified the three priests and twelve men as the elect ones, as I do (Thiering, Redating the Teacher...

Johns Food and Dress

Something should now be said about John the Baptist's food and clothing. In the gospels,172 John is said to have worn a garment of camel's hair, and a leather girdle around his waist and his food was locusts and wild honey. In the Slavonic version of the War, Robert Eisler took the following passages as being authentic statements about John Now at that time there walked among the Jews a man in wondrous garb, for he had stuck on to his body animals' hair wherever it was not covered by his own....

Zadok

And concerning the prince i.e., the king it is written, He shall not multiply wives for himself294 As for David, he did not read the sealed book of the Torah, which was in the Ark of the Covenant . For it was not opened in Israel from the day that Eleazar and Joshua and the Elders died, nor when the children of Israel served the goddess Ashtoreth 295 and it remained hidden and was not revealed until Zadok arose. And David's deeds were praised, except for Uriah's blood,296 and God forgave him...