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feirted their children to Moloch, Josh, xv. 8. King Josiah defiled Tophet> the valley of the son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or daughter pats through the fire to Moloch, 2 Kings xxiii. 10. Josi-ah commanded all the carrion of the city of Jerusa-lem to be carried into that valley, and burned there, that the carrion might not annoy the city; thither, g&ith David Chimchi, were carried all the fiKh and unburied çarcasses, to be burned. The Sanhedrim of the Jews, for some offences, sentenced the bodies of the offenders to lie unburied in that valley, to burn with the carrion cast there, which, among the Jews, was considered a great disgrace; and for ot fences most criminal, they burned the offenders alive in that valley. They placed the malefactor in a dunghill up to the knees, and put a towel about his neck, and one pulled it one way and one another way, till being strangled he was forced to open his mouth ; then they poured scalding lead into his mouth, which went down into his body, and so'burned his bowels ; Talmud in Sanhedr. Per. 7. Mr. Cartwright saith, the Jews sent thither their guilty to be bunted in that valley, and those they burned there they dealt with as guilty.

Observe the following reasons: First, it is confessed by all, that Christ speaks and alludes to the Jewish practice in their judicature; therefore the places abovesaid concern them. Secondly, the. speech of Christ was to the Jews by birth and educa*-tioit; they wrote the New Testament, and though it he penned in Greek, it speak» the phrase of the Jewish nation» The apoatle, preaching to the Jews,

16 torments of hell*

used the word gthenna, James iii. 6. Christ and hid disciples used known terms, that they might the bet* ter be understood. Thirdly, because the Jews had not power to send them to the hell they speak of in the future world. Fourthly, because the last, only, of the three sins is said to be judged to the fire of gehenna, which if it were to be understood as some would have it, it will follow that some sins deserve not hell eternal, and shall not be punished there, which is contrary to themselves, who teach that the least sin deserves hell eternal. Fifthly, Mat. v. 22,' shows the severity of the Jews and Pharisees in punishing anger without a cause. Racha is a word of disgrace, which signifies a crafty fellow, or wicked wretch. To apply it to any one was as great fault as to say fool, if not greater, yet it was punished less: rJ hus, he who was guilty of rash anger was in danger of the judgement; he who contemptuously said racha, was in danger of the council; but if he said/oo/, he was in danger of ¿hell-fire, i. e. in the true sense, to burn in the valley of the son of Hin-noro.

Section III. Of the word Everlasting*

1. The fire of the valley of Tophet is so called; in that it did burn day and night, and went not out.

2. The words ever and everlasting the Greeks understand to mean an <zge; ever and everlasting are of similar signification, and are used for a limited time, a time during life: He shall serve his master fortvtr, Exod. xxi. 6; Levit. xxv. 46; that is, until his own or his master's death; longer be could not torments of hell. 17

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