Section I. Of Christ's descending into Hell.
Some of the learned say, Christ des^nded into hell, and for proof allege Psalm xxi. 10, Acts ii. 27. Dr.Willet says, that those words of Christ (descend-ed into hell) are not found in the most ancient creeds. Dr. William Whitaker says, I could produce fifty of the most ancient creeds that have not these words, (descended into hellt) in his answer to Campion, p. Mr. William Perkins on the creed saith, It seems likely that these words (he descended into hell) .were not placed in the creed at first, anil that they crept in by negligence ; for above three* score creeds of the most ancient Councils and Fathers wantJ this clause, (he descended into hell) among the rest it is not found in the JXtcene creed, nor found in the Romish Church, nor used in the church of the East.
Also some of the learned say, Christ descended not into hell, yet it is an article of their faith : bat if you say he did not descend into hell, they will say you deny the faith, and are a heretic and a blasphemer; and you may be glad you can escape so. They themselves interpret hell otherwise than for a place of torments never to end. Mr. Bucer saith, Christ descending into hell, is to be understood of his burial. Mr. Calvin saith, Hell is the sorrow of mind Christ was in before his death. Why hast thou forsaken me? is God's hiding his face, when Christ was on the cross, saith Dr. Whitaker against Campion, p. 211. For upon the cross he said, It is fin-ished, John xix. 30; therefore his suffering was at an end. Some of the Papists confess Christ suffered not aft^his death: Luke xxii. 42, 44. Ursinus Catechis, p. 350. Mr. Perkins saith, hell is the inyvard sufferings of Christ on the cross. Bernard makes the grief of Christ's soul his hell. " Dr. Ames, in his Marrow of,Divinity, p. 65, saith» that of the place of hell, and manner of torture there, the scripture hath not pronounced anything distinctly. If so, then the word of God saith not anything at all of them: for that which the Scripture speaks, it speaks distinctly, else it could not have been read distinctly, Nehem. viii.. 8. That which is spoken expressly is spoken distinctly: the spirit speaks expressly. 1 Tim. iv. 1, 3. The word of the Lord came expressly, Ezck. i. 3. That which is not spoken distinctly, cannot be understood, as appears, Cor. xiv.2, 17.
Dr. Fulke saith plainly,.that neither in the Hebrew» Greek, nor Latin, is there a word proper for ¥hell, (as we take hell for the place of punishment of (he ungodly.) Fulke*s Defence Translation, pp. 13,
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