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As Brian Allen recently pointed out, if the weekly Sabbath were governed by the moon, you'd run into trouble reconciling the "7 Sabbaths" within this 50 days, because you'd have 2 new moons falling within this period. The way I figure it, you'd have more than 7 Sabbaths within 50 days' time (in just 30 days, the lunar Sabbath folks calculate 6 Sabbaths, and so they reach their count to the day after their 7th Sabbath in only 37 days). A Shabua represents a complete week of seven days, from day 1 through Shabbath, the seventh day.

Sabbatical years are explained (7 cycles of 7 years each, sheba shabbathot shanah, seven Sabbaths of years—seven times seven years, Lev. 25:8), and from them we can determine when the year of Jubilee arrives. Father YHWH did not have to explain what a week (shabua) of 7 days was, until Israel had forgotten it; He used the manna to re-train them how to count the week again in the wilderness. If the week, and specifically the 7th day Sabbath (the completion of a week), could be ascertained at all from something in the skies, the manna would not have been necessary to train Israel.

A day without food tends to get your attention. One important thing to remember is that the moon phases in no way affects or rules over the day/night pattern, or the count of the 7 days of creation. The moon rules over the night, and the moedim, or annual High Sabbaths, the "appointed times". It can never effect the 7-day cycle of creation. In Daniel, we see the "7 sevens", or 7 weeks of years. Again, at Lev. 25 we can apply this 7-year cycle for us to know when to let the land rest in the "Sabbatical years", and there is smooth rhythm of 7 x 7 years, making up 49 years, in the count to the "Jubilee year" following this "seven weeks of years", sheba shabua shanah. If the 7 years (a week of years) establishes the model for the land to rest, we can be sure that our interpretation of the week of days is also sound. So, yes, it is safe to say there are Scriptures to back up the understanding of "an unending seven-day cycle from Creation'; the SHABUA.

The Pagan Babylonians did not establish the 7-day week (shabua), nor did the Romans; it was YHWH alone. Sabbath, the word, is not even a stone's throw from the Hebrew word for seven, sheba, or the word shabua. The "7 pillars" referred to at Ps. 75:3 and Prov. 9:1 in their context refer to the unmovable and unshakable foundation which Father YHWH established for the 7 days of each week. The moon is brought in to determine the 7 annual High Sabbaths. The 7 millennia, or pattern of 7 periods of 1000-years each, is unaffected by the moon. The first 7 days (creation week) established a repeating cycle of 7 in order that we recall creation, and honor the Creator each 7th day.

Besides all this, if the Yahudim (Jews) and the 12 tribes of Israel dispersed all over the Earth think that the Sabbath Day each week is the same one the Pagans have been calling "Satyr Day" (or day of Satyrn), and it isn't REALLY the Sabbath, then why would Satan arrange to change the day of rest from the true 7th day of the week to Sun-Day (the 1st day of the week) for his deceived followers? (Under penalty of death, Constantine ordained the change of the Sabbath to his "Sun-Day" in the year 321 CE, in his "Edict of Milan"). Satan changed the day of rest for Mohammad's pupils in the 7th century to the six day of the week. Why would Satan do that, if the 7th day was already wrong? The real answer is, the 7th day of each week really is the true Sabbath, the commemoration of creation; and this honors the true Maker of Heaven and Earth, YHWH -the ELOHIM OF ISRAEL. Even if the cycle of seven days had been changed at any point from some "lunar pattern", how could the whole Earth have adopted the flaw all at once, without any echo of the previous "correct" pattern lurking about in some culture?

Also, remember that many remote cultures all over the Earth have retained in their indigenous languages the meaning, and often a close sounding word for the Hebrew word, "Sabbath" -- for their 7th day of each week (Shabbath, Sabbath, Sabo, Sabado, Subbata, Shubuta, etc.,.). The Sabbath is really the only day of the week that has a name -- the other days were only numbered, until the Pagans decided to give homage to various deities by calling the days by the proper names of their false elohim (i.e., Sun Day, Moon Day, Tyr's Day, Woden's Day, Thor's Day, Frigga's Day, Satyrn Day).

The sun rules over the day. A week of 7 days cycles over and over, and the moon is in no way able to interfere with it. The manna, not the moon, was used to emphasize this "shabua" cycle to remind Israel. Days and months are not connected or geared together, but flow separately through time. The period of 7 days, which we call the week (Hebrew, SHABUA, #7620), has been assaulted in recent years by the new teachings concerning new moons. This mostly is the result of deciding to believe something, then hunting down the texts that support that belief (eisegesis). Once a person falls for the re-setting of the weekly pattern which they believe is caused by the moon, the moon becomes an all-consuming topic for them from that point on. They feel that they must convince everyone else to see the hidden secret they've discovered.

By deduction, or the taking away

(discounting) of what is not discussed, we know there is only one new moon day which is a day of rest from work; the first day of the 7th moon. By simple deductive reasoning, we know that the other 11 new moon days are not rest days. The fact that men of YHWH worked and traveled on new moon days is but one indication of this. The best method for study is by exegesis, not eisegesis.

We do not worship or serve the men who promote a floating weekly Sabbath involving the moon cycles, so we don't have to fear them or their teachings; but we should not be hateful to them in their deception either. There is not a single text from Scripture which suggests or implies that the 7th day Sabbath is regulated or connected to the moon or its phases; the only associations that can be made between new moon days and Sabbaths are imagined assumptions, and the mishandling of the Word of Father YHWH. Bending, wrestling, and twisting the Scriptures is a grievous thing to do, and falling from our steadfastness can easily be the end result. We are not to judge the person, however as the Body of Mashiach we are to judge the teachings regarding food, drink, new moons, Sabbaths, and moedim.

It's natural to have differences of understanding, but we must not allow these to become roots of bitterness between one another. There are many points of contention today; the "new moon" re-setting the weekly Sabbath is one example. The controversy over who is to be the recipient of the tenth part of our increase is another point of difference, mostly argued by those who have been used to taking the tithe as teachers. Then there is the issue of whether the crescent moon sighting is the beginning, or the end, of the actual first day of the new moon. Like the Bereans, we need to test and examine if what we hear is really true. TWO APPROACHES IN UNDERSTANDING SCRIPTURE FIRST: We go to the Writings with an open, unbiased attitude, free of denominational slants or teachings, or previous impressions. This is called Exegesis (direct analysis or interpretation of Scripture). Allowing the Word to directly speak to us, we can form a solid foundation through personal study, guided by our Teacher, the Spirit of Yahushua. Listening to other men teach us what Scripture says is fine also, as long as we test everything we hear, being careful how we listen, as the assembly at Berea did (Acts 17:10,11). SECOND: (the wrong approach) -- We go to the Writings to prove something we already believe, finding sentences which hint at the idea. This is called Eisege-sis (analyzing from one's own ideas). In these cases the text is not directly describing or teaching the concept we are trying to prove, but rather the words are extracted and hunted-down, to "prove" what we believe. This is how men "twist" or "spin" the Words of Scripture, especially the letters of Shaul (Paul):

". . . as also our beloved brother Shaul wrote to you, according to the wisdom given to him, as also in all his letters, speaking in them concerning these matters, in which some are hard to understand, which those who are untaught and unstable TWIST (spin) to their own destruction, as they do also the other Scriptures. You, then, beloved ones, being forewarned, watch; lest you also fall from your own steadfastness, being led away with the delusion of the lawless." - 2 Kepha 3:15-17

Ha shatan, the adversary, hates the marriage Covenant, and Israel. This means the enemy of our beings hates the "sign" of our Covenant, the Sabbath. This being attacks Israel at every turn, and attempts to alter the Covenant, or make it seem unimportant. The "sign" of this Eternal (Everlasting) Covenant is the sign of the Sabbath, which is the 7th day of each week. Today some have begun to believe that the Yahudim (tribe called "Jews" today) altered the original pattern for keeping track of the correct WEEKLY Sabbaths. They feel that the MOON was originally used to determine not only the ANNUAL High Sabbaths, but also the WEEKLY day of rest.

The 7-day pattern is found in every corner of our world, and the 7th day, which most English-speaking people call "Saturday", is widely known to be the Sabbath day which is found throughout Scripture. As I mentioned, many languages exist on our planet; and if you study the various names these languages have for this 7th day, you will find they closely relate cognatively to the Hebrew word for Sabbath, SHABATH (cease). So, even jf the Yahudim attempted to change the pattern, it would become evident to everyone that they did so when the patterns are compared to one another. The pattern (shabua) of 7 weekdays is found across the entire planet without any conflict in its rhythm -- none of the cultures on Earth use a lunar-phase to determine or re-set their week each month. Their languages even identify within themselves the day of rest being the one called "Shabbath" in Hebrew. Their word for this day still bears a strong resemblance to the Hebrew original.

"My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a SIGN (guarding His Sabbaths) between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, YHWH, am setting you apart. (sign = mark, signal) And you shall guard the Sabbath it is setapart to you. Everyone who profanes it shall certainly be put to death, for anyone who does work on it, that being shall be cut off from among his people. Six days work is done, and on the seventh is a Sabbath of

EZEK. 20:12-20, EXODUS 31:13-17; YAHUSHUA OBSERVED IT, AND SO DID SHAUL THROUGHOUT ACTS, WRITTEN BY LUKE 31 YEARS AFTER THE RESURRECTION.

rest, set-apart to YHWH. (Sabbath, or Shab-bath, means "seven"). Everyone doing work on the Sabbath day shall certainly be put to death.

"And the children of Yisra'el shall guard the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant. (Gentiles must engraft into Israel to partake of the Covenants, and the Sabbath is the sign of the Everlasting Covenant, the marriage between YHWH and His wife, Israel). "Between Me and the children of Yisra'el it is a sign forever. For in six days YHWH made the heavens and the Earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed." Exodus (Shemoth) 31:13-17 (see also Ezek. 20:12-20)

Look at what Hebrews 4:4-16 says, referring to the above text:

"For somewhere (Ex. 31) He has said thus about the seventh day, 'And Elohim rested on the seventh day from all His works', and again, 'if they shall enter into My rest...'

"Since then it remains for some to enter into it, and those who formerly received the Good News did not enter in because of disobedience, He again defines a certain day, "Today"... So, there remains a Sabbath-keeping for the people of Elohim. For the one having entered into His rest, has himself also rested from his works, as Elohim rested from His own. Let us therefore do our utmost to enter into that rest, lest anyone fall after the same example of disobedience." (Heb. 4:4-11)

The outward "sign" that we actually give worth-ship (obedience=worship) to the REAL Creator, "Who made heaven and the Earth, and sea, and fountains of water" (Rev. 14:4), is this "sign" of resting as He rested, every seventh day - since creation. This message of the messenger sent forth "to announce to those dwelling on the Earth, even to every nation and tribe and tongue and people" is going forth from the Natsarim today: "Fear Elohim and give esteem to him, because the hour of His judgment has come. And worship Him who made the heaven and the Earth, and sea, and fountains of water." Again, it is important to discern how we have been deceived into believing we are giving worth-ship (worship, obedience) to the Creator of heaven and Earth, while having the "sign" of our worth-ship to Him removed by revisionism.

THE TEST OF THE MANNA "And YHWH said to Mosheh, 'See, I am raining bread (manna) from the heavens for you. And the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, in order to try (test) them, whether they walk in My Torah or not. And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily." (Ex. 16:4,5)

CRAFTY SCHEMES TO DIVIDE US The elect can be deceived, and fall away from the Covenant, by crafty schemes and trickery.

"... We should no longer be children, tossed and borne about by every wind of teaching, by the trickery of men, in cleverness, unto the craftiness of leading astray..."(Eph. 4:14).

Ephesians 4 reminds that while we grow toward a "unity" (oneness of belief and pattern for living), we have to be patient, humble, meek, and bearing with one another in LOVE. We will have to tolerate differences with patience, and not grow apart in bitterness. Yahushua said we would be known by the LOVE between us, not that we would all be exactly alike. The blind faith of those captured by the Mother of Harlots, Catholicism, may never be able to overcome the deceptions until they personally study and struggle to get at the Truth. We all must study.

The new teachings which are entangling the Natsarim today, come from interpretations of Scripture, which alter the patterns of the days, nights, and appointed times ruled by the new moons. Some interpret "day" (yom) and "night" (layelah) somewhat differently than others. Reading Genesis, some have come to believe that "creation" began with "light", therefore the 24-hour period begins at sunrise. In contrast, the end of the "day" which arrives at the moment the sun sets, beginning a new cycle of 24 hours, actually reflects the six creation days. At creation, it was first "dark", and YhWh created water, Earth, and the rules of physics. Kepha (Peter) tells us that the Earth was formed out of water. Darkness was on the face of the deep. The first sentence of Genesis states:

"In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the Earth. And the Earth came to be formless and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep."

The evolutionist will say, "First, there was nothing. Then, it exploded. The elements were not yet existent, since all the energy (from nothing) was purely kinetic (active, non-material, radiation). After the cooling effect from the expansion of space, and the propagation of the energy from this cosmic "big bang", the first material elements coagulated together as hydrogen, oxygen, and traces of H2O2." (I am not a proponent of the "big bang", nor string theory).

So, even the blind theories and imaginations of non-believers are establishing the truth of the first several verses of Genesis to some extent. But many Natsarim believe creation began with LIGHT, therefore the periodic 24hour night/day scheme is interpreted to be "day, then night" (light, then darkness), as opposed to "night, then day" (darkness, then light).

"And there came to be evening

(darkening, Ereb) and there came to be morning (lightening, boker), the first day." (This suggests a 24-hour period).

By interpreting the order of occurrence differently, differences in patterns of behavior can be seen today among the Natsarim. This has the effect of making a Sabbath "day" only pertain to when the sun is up, and so "night" has no pertinence to the "Sabbath day". No man can "work" at night they will explain, from Yahushua's words at John/Yoh. 9:4. To these brothers, Sabbath begins at sunrise. Do we have the capacity to be different, yet have love? (Please don't do it because I do it, but study; I rest every week, beginning at sunset at the end of the sixth day (sunset), and there follows a twilight of nearly 30 minutes before night arrives (complete darkness). One of my favorite Scriptures to quote that establishes whether Shabbath begins at sunset or sunrise is Neh. 13:19 (also see context):

"And it came to be, at the gates of Yerushaliyim, as it began to be dark before the Sabbath, that I commanded the gates to be shut, and commanded that they should not be opened till after the Sabbath."

The interlinear Hebrew-English rendering of this text shows that before the Sabbath shadowed the gates of Yerushaliyim, they were commanded to be shut. Just as each "month" (new moon) BEGINS with a dark moon, so the beginning of each "day" begins at the darkening, ereb, the going-down of the sun. Beginnings seem to be a progression of darkness-to-light.

SABBATHS, NEW MOONS: ANY RELA TIONSHIP?

Most Messianics who enter into the Lunar-Sabbath system are reading texts like Isaiah 66:23 and believe there is an equivalence between a weekly Sabbath and a New Moon day. Let's analyze that here a bit:

"And it shall be that from New Moon to New Moon, and from Sabbath to Sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before Me, declares YHWH."

They explain that the connective word, "and", makes both things the same (marrying them in likeness and oneness), not distinct. Is this really so? What this verse seems to be saying is that the SPAN "from" new moon TO new moon, and the SPAN "from" Sabbath to Sabbath, is when all flesh will worship -- it will be every day. YHWH used these terms to gather all time into a kind of net to describe the fact that the span of time concerning His worship will have no break in it. Should we not worship every moment? Now, most do not; but those in the world-to-come will do so. "From new moon TO new moon" — and "from Sabbath TO Sabbath" ; can you see the interesting way this is expressed? Trying to force texts to say what they aren't actually saying is what Peter warns us of, and he called it "twisting" the Scriptures. The text does not say "ON new moons" or "ON Sabbaths", but FROM one TO the other.

Our Father has not put me on this Earth to judge my brother, because if I do this I also judge the Torah. The "manna" which YHWH fed Israel for 40 years is very much related to the week, in that it made the arrival of each Shabbath very easily recognized. If the "hidden manna" really is about the moon, or the week and its relationship to Shabbath, then more are going to be lost than even I had realized. To me, it seems someone has brought in a corrupted "virus" of sorts among Yahushua's elect, confusing them. ( I realize this can be taken either way, depending on which perspective one takes on the "lunar-setting Sabbath" issue ). YHWH used manna, not the moon, to teach us when the Sabbath day arrived each 7 days. (7=Shabua, week).

The use of the connective "and":

When a statement is made in Scripture which involves a list of several things, and these are thought to not only connect the words together in the sentence, but that the "and" unites them — marries them in likeness and oneness — we are treading into very murky waters of interpretation. The "sun and the moon" are used with an "and" between them, but these two are not the same things. Good and evil, Qayin and Hebel, Adam and Cha-wah; These are distinctions between things and people, the "and" in no way makes them the same or equivalent. "Sarah his wife and Lot his brother's son" were not the same entities, but completely separate individuals in their persons. Dawid and Golyath were both people, but very different people. In the same way, New Moons and Sabbaths are distinct. If we are told the first day of the seventh moon is a Sabbath, this means by deductive reasoning that the other 11 new moons are not Sabbaths, unless they happen to coincide with the weekly pattern established during Creation Week. To reason from a general principle, using logic, we can arrive at what is factual truth by deduction. Deduction literally means that we arrive at our conclusion by deducting, or taking away what is known to not apply; and this principle is how we arrive at a conclusion by reasoning. "My enemy's enemy is my friend". This statement contains deductive reasoning. "Whosoever is not against us is for us."

This is also an example of deductive reasoning. Sabbaths are days of rest from work, we would all agree. No one is in rebellion on that issue except those who deny they apply to us, or those who have changed the law. Shabbath is in fact the only day of the week which has its own name. Shabbath means "cease" or stop; and at the same time, it also means "seventh", as we see in several Hebrew words which derive from the root, such as Shabuoth (weeks). The Hebrew word for "seven" is SHEBA, #7651. I want to let the Word of YHWH speak to us mostly on this, so I want to let you read the following text slowly, and go ahead and strain to make the moon seem to tell us when a Sabbath is, or relate to us how it "rules" the week in any way:

"And Elohim said, 'Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heaven to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days and years." Bereshith 1:14

Is there any indication that the moon resets the week each month? We all know that "signs and appointed times" are signals and "moedim", and we count the days of the moons which establish these moedim. But when we take a leap into applying it to also affecting the weekly pattern, suddenly the weeks are sliding around the Earth with the moon; and the bad math at the end of each month doesn't seem to indicate there's a problem. Can we find some text from Scripture that explains this bizarre anomaly? This is not asking too much. Does Scripture tell us anywhere we can find the weekly 7-day pattern in the sun or moon? It shouldn't be necessary to hunt it down, because if such a scheme were of the Truth, it would be seen everywhere we look in Scripture. If something becomes complicated or confusing, then something has gone terribly wrong. The following is NOT what Scripture states:

"And Elohim said, 'Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heaven to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days, (and weeks?) and years." No, it doesn't say the lights are for our weeks. The pattern of the week is not seen in the skies.

Now watch very closely; here's a few words which should show the distinction between a "new moon" and a "Sabbath":

"Why are you going to him today? It is neither New Moon nor the Sabbath." 2Kings 4:23. This is the text describing the events in Shunem, concerning the Shunammite woman, her son, and Elisha the prophet - her son had just died in her lap. But, this same text may cause some to make a Federal case out of it, declaring it to mean that all "new moon days" are also days of rest from work. They even go to the extent of allowing new moon days to recalculate the weekdays, without a single shred of evidence from Scripture for doing so.

"You are exhausted by your many counsels; let the astrologers, the stargazers, and those who prognosticate by the new moons stand up and save you from what is coming upon you." Isaiah / Yesha Yahu 47:13

In the above text, these moon-worshippers are equated with astrologers, stargazers, and witches. Both sun worshippers and moon worshippers will be devoured by fire, which they so fervently honor. The "lake of fire" will destroy the enemies of YHWH, and His wrath at the end of days will consume them with fire. The moon was a deity among the Pagans, and it ruled their lives as we see it echoed in the horoscopes of Astrology today. Crystal gazing, Tarot card reading, and spellbinding (chants, enchantments to bewitch) are exploding in popularity all over the Earth today, reflected in the success of the adventures of Harry Potter. Moon dances and rain dances are performed at pow-wows, where incantations and dancing are used to invoke divine aid in hunting, battle, or against disease.

The elect can be drawn away from the sign of the Everlasting Covenant, and deceived into believing they have not been. Certain texts of Scripture seem to be telling us that each new moon is a Sabbath, but it doesn't actually state this in a resolute way - it's only arrived at by extrapolating (to broadly infer, or estimate from known information). We read about directives to open gates and curtains, or to blow a shofar on a new moon; however there is only ONE new moon spoken of on which no work is to be done. So, yes, there is one new moon out of the year that is, in fact, a Sabbath of rest prescribed by Torah. Can we bear with one another with love, enduring such a difference between ourselves? We have to. Colos-sians 2:16 tells us:

"Let no one thereforejudgeyou in eating or in drinking, or in respect of a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths - which are a SHADOW of what is to come - but the body of Messiah." Even here, there is a distinction between new moons and Sabbaths. And, they are shadows of what is to come. A shadow is understood to mean a metaphor, or example of something else. It points to a coming reality, like a rough outline, and it is a semblance, and is insubstantial. If we condemn one another over an unreal, indistinct pattern we are wrong even if we're right. If we get it all perfect, and have all wisdom, and yet lack love, we have failed the big test.

"If I speak with the tongues of men and of messengers, but do not have love, I have become as sounding brass or a clanging cymbal.

"And if I prophesy, and know all secrets and all knowledge, and if I have all belief, so as to remove mountains, but do not have love, I am none at all.

"And if I give out all my possessions to feed the poor, and if I give my body to be burned, but do not have love, I am not profited at all.

"Love is patient, is kind, love does not envy, love does not boast, is not puffed up, does not behave indecently, does not seek it own, is not provoked, reckons not the evil, "does not rejoice over the unrighteousness, but rejoices in the Truth. It covers all, expects all, endures all.

"Love never fails. And whether there be prophecies, they shall be in active; or tongues, they shall cease; or knowledge, it shall be inactive.

"For we know in part and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part shall be inactive.

"When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I thought as a child, I reasoned as a child. But when I became a man, I did away with childish matters.

"For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part, but then I shall know, as I also have been known.

"And now belief, expectation, and love remain - these three. But the greatest of these is love." 1 Cor. 13:1-13

Many articles have been written debunking the idea that the first day of each new moon is a Sabbath. Not only have many sincere Natsarim begun to believe each new moon is a Sabbath, but they also "re-set" the pattern of the 7-day week each new moon. This reshuffles the 7-day week into a new beginning each month for these folks, and each new moon begins with the seventh day rest, counting from nothing.

The final few days of this pattern chop the last week of their month off with the abrupt arrival of a sudden "7th day Sabbath". It is not harmonious at all. The pulse of the first week of creation is lost to those who follow this pattern, and so they have become observers of some lunar-based Sabbath system. If the weekly Sabbath is set by the new moon, the arrangement of the week is under constant change. During the week of creation, the moon was brought forth on the 4th day, and is simply called the "lesser light" to rule over the night. It is also used to calculate the appointed times, or annual Sabbaths, referred to as "High Sabbaths". The greater light, the sun, is used to calculate day and night.

Ex. 16:1 tells us the Israelites were traveling on the 15th day of the 2nd moon.

How this will be weighed by Yahushua, the Righteous Judge of us all, is unknowable. He told us that stumbling blocks would come, but woe to those through whom they come. Those who ignore the Sabbath each week (the real one) are cut-off from Israel, and death is proclaimed as their judgment. If the moon were involved in such a vitally important operation as calculating the weekly Sabbath, it seems He would have mentioned it somewhere in His Torah. Even though the 29.5 days in each moon don't divide evenly by 7, this doesn't matter to them; the new moon comes and they re-set their week, and it BEGINS the new moon day as a Sabbath.

Even though the true Sabbath is supposed to be the 7th day of each week, they let the MOON tell them when that 7th day is - the previous week which the same moon "set" for them is interrupted with a sudden arrival of a new 7th day, the 1st day of the moon (the first day of the moon is the seventh day of their week). Careful, you could get cross-eyed thinking about this too long. The week is simply not in the sky, but set by the counting of days! The "greater light" determines these days, and all we have to do is count to 7, the number of completion. How could anyone possibly go for such a system? They read Scriptures which make them get panicky, and so hunt for other clues. A very strong urge comes from the following:

Amos 8:5 brings out a question,

"When does the new moon pass so that we sell grain, and the Sabbath so that we trade our wheat, to make the ephah small and the sheqel large, and to falsify the scales by deceit, to buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of sandals, and sell the chaff of the wheat?"

The context of this verse in Amos shows that these are a list of things YHWH finds displeasing to Him. The moon worship of that period had led many to observe strange customs, blending it together with His Torah. If we add to the Torah by reading something into the meanings of sentences like Amos 8:5, we can trouble ourselves. According to the Torah, resting on the new moon from work only applies to ONE of the new moons, and it is possible that this particular new moon spoken of in Amos 8:5 was the 7th new moon, the harvest time of some grain they wished to sell. I can abide the people who believe these things about the other new moons being Sabbaths, but I cannot abide this new wind of doctrine for these reasons:

Reason #1. Torah doesn't know about it.

The Shabbaths of YHWH are listed at: Leviticus / Wayyyiqra 23:1-44 Deuteronomy / Debarim 16:1-18

These are listed carefully, and only ONE new moon is designated as being distinguished from the other common new moons as a day of resting from labor. No indication is given that any other new moon is qodesh, or set-apart as a day of rest in any way. Further, there is no hint that the weekly Shabbath is related in any way to the moon phases. This is entirely a misreading of the text at Yesha Yahu (Is.) 66:23. If Father YHWH wanted us to know that every new moon was a Sabbath, all He had to do was say so. By the act of telling us that the 7th new moon was a Sabbath, He told us by deduction that the other new moons were not days of rest, and therefore He distinguished the 7th new moon for us. Reason #2. There are examples of work done on the first day of the moons: At Genesis 8:13, Noach removed the covering of the ark he spent 100 years building. It was the 1st day of the moon. At Num. 1:1, on the 1st day of the 2nd moon, a census was taken of all Yisra'el. How odd is that?

At Ezra 7:9, this prophet was journeying on two new moons.

Reason #3. The Sabbath is supposed to be the seventh day of each week, after 6 days' work; but if you re-start each new moon with this Sabbath rest, then it becomes the seventh day of a new week, without having a previous six work days for that week. The seventh day begins each of their months somehow, and makes the second day of each moon the first day of their week. With an operation like this going on, you would think that our Father would have given at least a couple of sentences explaining the relationship of the moon to the week. But, He's totally silent about this relationship. Again, these ideas don't come directly from Torah, but are inferred from phrases embedded in sentences. He knows how easily confused we can be, so by not mentioning something this important, it would have to mean He is hoping to trick us. I don't think He would do such a thing.

Reason #4. The moon circles the Earth in a period of approximately 29.5 days. For thousands of years, the same side of the moon has faced the Earth, perfectly synchronized with its orbital period and rate of rotation. Scientists cannot explain this circumstance, and mathematicians will tell you that it is almost infinitely improbable to ever develop this way on any planetary system in the universe. And yet, the planet we all happen to live on has this bizarre, unlikely situation. If our Creator can do this, then He could have just as easily made the week fit into the moon's orbit by division, and made the moon orbit in exactly 28 days. Then He could have also told us to watch for the new moons, and rest on each one. He could have also told us that each one of the new moons was also a 7th day of the week. Reason #5. The manna was used to re-teach the Israelites when the seventh day was, not when the new moon arrived. During the captivity of the Israelites in Egypt, it is possible that no one on Earth had kept the record of days for the 7-day week. Israel had succumbed to the Pagan system, and lost it also. They had to be re-taught. This is why the 4th Commandment begins with the word "remember" - it had been forgotten. The manna was provided for 6 consecutive days without fail. There was no interruption in this cycle mentioned, nor did the new moon come into any references that pertained to the manna. A double-portion of manna coming before each new moon would surely have been a signal, and yet there is no record of this occurring. The new moons have no connection to the 7-day week.

Reason #6. The Yahudim (called Jews today) have kept the heartbeat of the 7-day week since they were among the Israelites being retrained by the manna cycle in the wilderness. There is no record or any hint that a change in this pattern ever occurred. These are among the elect of YHWH, and have preserved the Words of the Torah, prophets, and writings for us. They are also the direct recipients of the promises (Romans 9:4), and are of the lineage of Yahushua Himself. If I am going to trust any group to preserve this set-apart weekly cycle, I would lean heavily toward entrusting it to a group of orthodox "Jews" than a group / denomination that may shift on the sand of human counsel. Ephraim is the Scriptural term used for Gentile-dispersed descendants of Yosef, and the other lost tribes. A major problem with Ephraim is his arrogance, so the orthodox Yahudim will tell you.

"You are exhausted by your many counsels; let the astrologers, the stargazers, and those who prognosticate by the new moons stand up and save you from what is coming upon you." Isaiah / Yesha Yahu 47:13

We certainly are seeing many new winds of doctrine these days. There are even those who feel that the FULL MOON is the new moon, which would mean that when the Israelites came out of Egypt, they had to travel in utter darkness. There is no end to the development of new winds of teaching. What is most important is that we listen to the advice of Ephesians 4, and not lose sight of our foundation.

Many now realize that the nicolaitans designed a crafty plot of control over civilization. From ancient cultures to the present, the authority over mankind has been a fusion or blend of religious and political purpose. One example is the obelisk described in the book of Daniel (3:18). Often the rulers were worshipped as the principle deity by the people, such as Pharaoh of Egypt or Caesar of Rome. It had begun this way under Nimrod, but after he was slain the Paganism became "occult" (hidden), and became shrouded in mystery. The true spiritual nature of what was being done was made to look innocent on the surface for the uninitiated.

After Yahushua, people who had his Spirit in them spread out in the Roman Empire. The old idolatry was being questioned and exposed, and began to falter. The Pagan religious cults began to feel the effects of the Truth. Something had to be done to save the order and control which those who ruled civilization had, and their religious Paganism was failing. Along came Constantine, a compromiser who could find the "middle ground". Keeping the previous Pagan priesthood and their framework intact, he brought together elders of the Natsarim from all over the Roman Empire to Nicaea in 325 CE (the first council of the Catholic Church). Upon hearing some of the matters being discussed, many elders fled for their lives. The elders who remained helped formulate what later became known as Catholicism, and they adopted the creed or constitution of the Roman Church, The Nicene Creed. This was to fight against what was called the Arian doctrine, thought to be a heresy at that time (research Arianism). The Pagan "leaven" would eventually leaven the whole lump. Shaul told the former Pagan Corinthians to purge-out the old leaven (errors, patterns), and be a new unleavened lump (1 Cor. 5:6-13). Yahushua also described this at Luke 13:21.

The former line of Caesars were of a family line, but Constantine was a break in that line; but he became the "father" of the Empire, assuming both political and religious control. The former Caesars (Czar, Kaisar) took titles such as "Pontifex Maximus" and Pope (father), and ruled over a body of Pagan priests called the Curia (Latin, council). The members of this body were called Cardinals, from the Latin word CARDO, meaning hinge. The idea that they were a "hinge" (of a door) suggested that they assisting the high priest of Janus, who was "the door" to the Elysian fields, the Pagans' heaven.

These Pagan priests assisted the Caesar, who was this Pagan high priest of JANUS. So the Pagan title of "Pope" was retained by the man who held the office of Pontifex Maximus (Latin, highest priest). This title literally translates "bridge-builder", a reference to this man being the bridge to the after-life with the deities in the heavens.

With the framework remaining in place, the central control of the Pagan administration could go on, simply blending-in with the elements of the Messianic belief, but leaving out the elements essential to the obedience of YHWH. The Pagan organization in place retained the office / title of Pope, the body of priests called Cardinals, and even the word Curia for council. The "Pope" was no longer thought of as the high priest of Janus, but to literally be the authority of "Christ" on Earth. The former Pagan pattern was brought through perfectly intact. Idolatry mixed with Truth became clothed in the former framework of sun-worship. The main objective was to anger our Creator by mixing the patterns of idolatry together with the Truth, so that it would become poisoned (wormwood). Darkness and Light would mix together, and be taught for centuries through a Pagan framework of priests, and a calendar based on idolatry. They didn't even have to put in a change of address; Rome remained the office of the 4th beast of Daniel, which will remain until the time of wrath.

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