these phenomena on a scale of how far they contributed to or hindered the 'progress' of the people. Grant's attitude was that if Hinduism were eliminated, the people would have restored to them the use of their reason and would rise in what he called 'the scale of human beings'. James Mill, a tireless advocate of the utilitarian gospel, was as concerned about freeing the British people from the corruption that tarnished British society as he was in freeing the Indian people from what he perceived as their ignorance perpetuated by the authority and power of the Brahmans. The evangelical Protestantism of the period, which supported missions and the abolition of slavery, owed a deep intellectual debt to the Enlightenment even as it attempted to repudiate some aspects of that development in European thought. The impact of the Enlightenment was such that most Protestants, evangelical or not, came to share the perspective on history and culture summed up by Hegel when he argued that the Europe of his day represented the end of history. In such a view, history had its beginning and childhood in Asia, but it reached its maturity in the west, whose culture was destined to be the culture of the world.15 By 1815, the approach of Protestant Christianity towards Hinduism, shaped as much by Enlightenment thought as by evangelical individualism, was set on a collision course leading to mutual antipathy and distrust.16

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