The ways in which ministers were appointed to congregations reflected the ecclesiology of the denomination and the nature of the church-state relationship. Owing to their strong autonomous position, the church authorities in Wurttemberg appointed ministers directly to vacancies. In more absolutist states, the central government made great attempts to control all church patronage. The Swedish Church Law of 1688 had taken patronage from the hands of the nobles and given it to the crown. By 1693 the patronage of no
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