Overthrusts constitute _ part of the _ problem of physical strata, yet it is such a major issue that it deserves a section all to itself. When we consider the implications of this astonishing obstacle to evolutionary theory, we wonder why anyone can claim that rock strata can be dating tools, and that each stratum is millions of years "younger " or "older" than another one.

OVERTHRUSTS—(*#19/34 Mixed-up Strata and Overthrusts*) This is the most shocking of the evidences disproving one of the most basic of evolutionary theories. the strata theory.

William "Strata" Smith (1769-1839), of England, was one of the very first people in the world to begin analyzing sedimentary rock strata. He was also one of the first to assume that most basic of evolutionary strata theories: "the older strata must be under the younger strata." He called that theory the "doctrine of superposition. "

Evolution teaches that some plants and animals are long ages "older" than others and were here on earth millions of years before the "younger" ones evolved into existence. Applying this theory to the rock strata is the means of dating the strata. but it requires that each stratum have an age that is millions of years older than the next stratum above it.

"The basic chronology of Earth history was established by identifying different strata or layers in geologic formations and relating them to other layers. It is based on the assumption that lower beds were laid down first and are therefore older, while higher (later) beds are younger."—*R. Milner, Encyclopedia of Evolution (1990), p. 421.

If the theory is correct, then the OLDER strata should always be BELOW the MORE RECENT strata.

If the theory is incorrect, then the two will often be con-fused—and that is what we find out in the field.

We go to the mountains to study the strata, for there we find them most clearly exposed. Yet in every mountainous region on every continent on the globe, there are numerous examples of supposedly "old" strata superimposed ON TOP OF "younger" strata! (An extensive listing of such areas is to be found in *Bulletin of Geological Society of America, February 1959, pp. 115116. )

This contradiction to the evolutionary theory of rock strata and fossils is so common that it has been given a variety of names: overthrust, thrust-fault, low-angle fault, nappe, detachment thrust, etc. We will here refer to them by their most common name, overthrusts.

Rather than admit the truth, evolutionists have worked out a fantastic explanation for overthrusts.

At some time in past ages,—the lower strata (which are supposedly "older") are supposed to have slid sideways for many miles—and then journeyed up and over (were thrust over) the "younger" strata on top!

"The only explanation for the [younger] buried strata is that the [older] overlying crystalline rocks were emplaced along a major subhorizontal thrust fault."— *F.A. Cook, *L.D. Brown, and *J.E. Olwer, "The Southern Appalachians and the Growth of the Continent," in Scientific American, October 1980, p. 161.

Such an explanation is incredible!

Many of the great overthrust areas occupy hundreds and even thousands of square miles! In desperation at the problems, men are trying to move mountains in order to support a crumbling theory!

HEART MOUNTAIN—Here is a sketch of part of this massive "older" 30 x 60 mile formation which, the evolutionists explain, traveled hundreds of miles—and climbed up on top of "younger" strata.



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