Philosophical Sources

1 See, for example, R. B. C. Huygens, Accessus ad Auctores (Lieden, 1970).

2 M. Grabmann, I divieti ecclesiastici di Aristotele sotto Innocenzio III e Gregorio IX, Miscellanea Historiae Pontificiae, 7 (Rome, 1941), p. 6.

3 G. Théry, 'Autour du décret de 1210, I, David de Dinant', Bibliothèque Thomiste, VI (Le Saulchoire, 1925), pp. 7ff

4 G. Leff, Paris and Oxford Universities in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries (New York, 1968), p. 192.

5 Logica Modernorum, ed. L. M. de Rijk (2 vols., Assen, 1971) has excellent indexes of stock questions treated by the logicians

6 See J. W. Baldwin, Masters, Princes and Merchants (Princeton, 1970), on the number of Masters teaching theology at the end of the twelfth century.

13 L. Thorndike, University Records (New York, 1944), no. 20.

15 Thorndike, p. 64.

17 P. Mandonnet, Siger of Brabant et l'Averroîsme latin au xiii'siècle (Louvain, 1911), pp. 90ff.

18 Ockham, Tractatus de Quantitate, Opera Theologica, X (New York, 1986), ed. C. Grassi, pp. 5-6.

19 Chartularium universitatis Parisiensis, I.586-7, and cf. Ludovicus Coronel, Perscrutationes physicales (Lyons, 1530, written 1506-11), fols. xciiv-xciiir, Thorndike, University Records, p. 87.

20 There is evidence, for example, that Lanfranc of Bec, who taught Anselm, may have known it.

22 Venice, MS Marciana 2492, fol. 124r

23 The term 'Organon' for the six books of Aristotle's logic seems to have come into use in the sixteenth century.

24 Some in a spirit of scientific curiosity (Adelard of Bath), some in an attempt to translate the Koran into Latin so that Moslems might be converted to Christianity (the party sent out by Peter the Venerable, abbot of Cluny).

25 A Jew living in Arab territory.

26 See R. W. Southern, Robert Grosseteste (Oxford, 1986).

27 See Aristoteles Latinus, ed. L. Minio-Paluello (Oxford, 1972), XXVI.2 and especially pp. cxlii-cxlvii.

29 Most important of all perhaps to Augustine was the now lost Hortensius. See Confessions III.iv.

30 See H. Silvestre, 'Note sur la survie de Macrobe au moyen âge', Classica et medievalia, 24 (1963), 170-80.

31 This material also found a place in the Cabbala, the theosophic Jewish mysticism which appeared in the mid-twelfth century. See G. Vadja, 'Un chapitre de l'histoire du conflit entre la Kabbale et la philosophie', AHDLMA (1955), 45144.

32 See A. Badawi, Histoire de la philosophie en Islam (Paris, 1972), 385-477.

33 See 'Al-Kindi, De Radiis', ed. M. T. d'Alverny and F. Hudry, AHDLMA (1974), 139-260.

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