Man

1 William of Auxerre, Summa Aurea IV.547.

2 Quodlibet III.q.8.a.1.

4 A. Moody, Studies in Mediaeval Philosophy, Science and Logic (California, 1975), p. 40.

5 Quodlibet III.q.9.a.1.

6 H. Chadwick, in Harvard Theological Review, 41 (1948), 94ff.

7 Ps.-Byrhtferth on Bede, De Natura Rerum, PL 90.190-1.

9 Ibid.

11 Essentialiter et vere, for example, instead of substantialiter et vere (PL 180.885); essentia Dominici corporis in Lanfranc (PL 150.430); both naturaliter and substantialiter in Durandus (PL 149.392 and 1386 and 'ex visibilibus et terrenis substantiis, id est panis et vino . . . sanctum Domini corpus ac verus sanguis efficitur, mutata non specie sed natura' (PL 149.1380). This usage takes the notion of 'substance' out of the realm of the tangible and allows for spiritual and divine substance without any difficulty.

12 PL 180.349-50.

13 PL 180.791.

14 'Nec album efficit albedo illa, nec rotundum rotunditas illa', PL 180.343.

15 PL 180.350.

17 PL 150.430.

20 Simon of Tournai, Disputationes, ed. J. Warichez, SSlov., 12 (1932), p. 202, Disp. 71, q.4, p. 258, Disp. 90, q.2; p. 259, Disp. 90, q.3.

21 Sententie Parisienses, Ecritsde l'école d'Abélard, ed. A. Landgraf, SSlov., 14 (1934), p. 40.

22 'Non . . . subducto pane et supposito corpore Christi.'

23 Robert of Melun, on I Corinthians 10.16, p. 210.

24 Master Simon, De Sacramentis, ed. H. Weisweilber, SSlov. 17 (1937), p. 30 and pp. CXXXI and CLI.

26 PL 210.678.

27 PL 149.1430.

28 CCCM 22.647, on Exodus 2.10.

29 PL 180.739.

30 'Si dici posset, diceretur impanatum', PL 180.342.

32 'Sicut Verbum fit caro, sic panis fit eadem caro', PL 180.755.

33 PL 180.755.

34 Ibid.

35 PL 180.754.

36 'Similis quidem est grammatica, sed non similis intelligentia', PL 180.754.

37 PL 180.754.

38 Ibid.

40 PL 180.343.

41 Ut absque substantia subsistat efficere, Ysagoge in Theologiam, Ecrits de l'école d'Abélard, p. 203.

42 Master Simon, Appendix, containing Petrus Manducator's text, in Robert of Melun, In Epistolas Pauli, ed. R. Martin, Spicilegfum Sacrum Lovaniense 18 (1938), p. 53, and see opening discussion on the treatment of this aspect in the mid-twelfth century.

43 PL 180.362.

44 Ibid.

46 Gilbert, p. 128; Durandus, PL 149.1401.

47 'Aliqua inter catholicos questio est', Lottin, p. 132.

48 'Qualis ipse naturaliter fuit', Lottin, p. 132; see also many other examples, e.g. Lottin, pp. 217-19).

49 Simon of Tournai, p. 200, Disp. 71, q.1; Lottin, pp. 105-6.

50 'Totus ferebat se ipsum et totus ferebatur a se in manibus suis', says Gilbert, p. 129.

51 PL 149.1450.

52 Huygens, p. 204 and frequently elsewhere.

53 PL 180.783.

54 PL 149.1402-3.

56 Ibid.

57 PL 180.780.

58 PL 150.439.

59 'Ista excedunt corpore naturam substantie', p. 129.

60 E.g. William of St Thierry, PL 180.346-7.

61 PL 149.1431.

62 PL 149.1430.

63 PL 149.1432.

64 PL 149.1377.

66 PL 149.1458.

67 PL 149.1384.

68 PL 149.1382.

69 PL 180.747 and 885.

70 Lottin, p. 28. Rupert of Deutz, CCCM, XXIV, p. 1832, and Robert of Melun, Quaestiones de divina pagina, SSlov., 13 (1932), p. 22, q.38.

71 Gilbert, p. 132; Alger, PL 180.798; Lottin, p. 279, for example.

72 Durand, PL 149.1382; Alger, PL 180.803; Lottin, p. 280; Robert of Melun, Quaestiones de divinia pagina, p. 22, q.38.

73 PL 150.420.

74 PL 149.1397.

76 Lottin, p. 28; Robert of Melun, on I Corinthians 10.16, p. 210; Sententie Parisienses, p. 40.

77 PL 149.1430.

78 PL 149.1380.

79 PL 149.1385.

82 'Sub eadem verborum prolatione sint dicta'. Ibid.

84 Ibid.

85 Alger, PL 180.755.

86 PL 180.756.

87 PL 180.852. See my The Logic and Language of the Bible, I (Cambridge, 1984), pp.101-22.

88 'Haec autem verba ad aliquid sunt', PL 150.436.

89 PL 150.436; cf. Alger, PL 180.791, also on confusion of words and ad aliquid.

90 See, in particular, Durandus, PL 149.1400.

91 Consueto sacrorum codicum more.

92 PL 150.438.

93 See especially the Final Report of the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission, 1981, Eucharist (6), note 2: "The word "transubstantiation" is commonly used in the Roman Catholic Church to indicate that God acting in the Eucharist effects a change in the inner reality of the elements. The term should be seen as affirming the fact of Christ's presence and of the mysterious and radical change which takes place. In contemporary Roman Catholic theology it is not understood as explaining how the change takes place.'

95 PL 149.1457.

96 PL 149.1393.

97 PL 180.775.

98 PL 150.430.

99 Ibid.

100 PL 180.758-9.

101 PL 149.1445.

103 E.g. C. H. Talbot, Florilegium morale Oxoniense, AnalectaMedievalia, Namurcensia, VI (1956), 12-13; and R. Quadri, I Collectanea di Eirico di Auxerre, Spicilegium Friburgense, XI (Freiburg, 1966).

104 William of Conches, Moralium Dogma Philosophorum, ed. J. Holberg (Uppsala, 1929).

105 PL 168.1401-3, De Gloria et Honorius Filii Hominis.

106 Textes inédits d'Alain de Lille, ed. M. T. d'Alverny (Paris, 1965), pp. 61-4.

107 See the twelfth-century schemata.

108 See R. A. Gautier, 'Cours sur l'Ethica Nova', AHDLMA (1975), 141.

109 Cf. P. de L'apparent, 'L'Oeuvre politique de François de Mayronnes, ses rapports avec celle de Dante', AHDLMA (1940), 5-152.

110 R. A. Gauthier, 'Le Cours sur l'Ethica Nova d'un maitre ès arts de Paris (123540)', AHDLMA (1975), 71-141.

111 R.A. Gauthier, 'Arnoul de Provence et la doctrine de la fronesis', Revue du moyen âge latin, 19 (1963), 139.

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