Conversion and sanctification

Biblical teaching discloses the reality of the comprehensive saving work through which sinful humans are reconciled to the triune God's eternally gracious presence. The divine love for humanity, first expressed through the grace of creation and election, culminates eschatologically in the death of Jesus Christ (John 19 30 Rom. 5 6-8 1 Pet. 3 18). The resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ successively attest to the finality of God's salvific work, thus ushering in the empowering ministry of...

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Evangelical thought and life.5 In addition, Eastern Orthodoxy has provided a persistent focus on the Spirit for two millennia. While evangelicals in the West may not simply borrow Eastern terminology without its entire worldview, the Orthodox do have insight to offer our thinking on the Spirit.6 Finally, new voices call for a reshaping of the center and core identity of evangelicalism itself. These voices are pointing toward renewal of the theological task by the Spirit. Evangelicals are best...

Scripture and hermeneutics

Evangelicals understand themselves as confessionally orthodox Protestants oriented to piety that is personal. Therefore they claim to embrace not only the Trinitarian and Christ-centered biblical doctrine expressed in the Nicene Creed, but also the basic understanding of Scripture's authority that was held by the church fathers - in a Protestant way. The Eastern Orthodox churches respect the authority of Scripture as a (foundational) subset of the church's great Tradition the Roman Catholic...

Justification and atonement

What is justification and how is it related to atonement Justification is being found just or righteous before God. The atonement is how Christ accomplishes our justification through his sacrifice on the cross. The following essay will examine biblical foundations of these doctrines, their historical genesis and controversies, and then in conclusion some pressing questions raised about them in contemporary theology. As Roger Olson rightly notes, for most contemporary evangelicals justification...

The human person in the Christian story

Who and what is a human person Depending on which pronoun takes priority, one can answer the human question'' scientifically, philosophically, theologically, morally, socially, or with a combination thereof. These modes of inquiry shape the way a given society negotiates what constitutes human being and personhood. In the process, society arbitrarily engages in cultural shadow work.'' It renegotiates the social order through continually redefining the human being'' and ends up shaping a new...

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Processes was a matter of relative indifference Anabaptists felt that radical discipleship involved a more complete break with secular power structures. Each of these attitudes would have influence on evangelical views of culture. But there was one common element that became decisive in all subsequent evangelical theologies of culture the iconoclastic temperament of the Reformation. Despite their varying emphases, all Reformers rejected the medieval view that particular places and objects...

Io Evangelical theology and culture

Though the evangelical movement has become a diverse, worldwide movement, there has been consistency in attitudes toward culture. Throughout their history evangelicals have displayed ambivalence toward their cultural context. The world was either something to be won over in the name of Christ, or to be avoided as a source of temptation, but it could also represent a resource to be exploited in pursuit of their evangelical calling. As a result, their relationship with culture has been ambiguous,...

Evangelical theology and gender

Gender is not an indigenous theological concept but a sociological one. And on its journey into theology it checked in a large amount of baggage which needs to be reclaimed, unpacked, and examined before the concept can be accorded new citizenship. Where this has not happened, the concept's culture and background have been incorporated into new territory, its debates and assumptions unwittingly absorbed, without being fully understood. So our first task is to look at what the concept of gender...

The triune God of the gospel

Evangelicals are gospel people''1 an introductory paradox the difficult, diffident evangelical doctrine of god Evangelicals are a people of the gospel (evangel). The good news about what God has done in Jesus Christ for the world presupposes two key theological truths (1) God has acted (there is something good to report) (2) God has spoken (the news comes from God and so it is utterly reliable). There is no gospel, neither Christological content nor biblical form, apart from the speech and act...

The church in evangelical theology and practice

When Christmas Day fell on a Sunday in 2005, a minor religious and cultural furor erupted, as reported by American news organizations, when several leading evangelical churches decided to cancel their Sunday morning worship services. This was because Christmas was a family day,'' said church spokespersons. One leader observed that it would not be convenient for parents to have to deal with excitable children, have Christmas breakfast, and then change clothes and come to church. After all,...

Jesus Christ

Along with the Scripture principle, the axiom of solus Christus has been a hallmark of theologies in the Reformation tradition. The first indicates the priority of divine revelation over tradition, speculation, or immediate experience the second acknowledges the sovereignty of divine grace in incarnation and redemption over against apparently synergistic conceptions of its mediation through church, sacrament, or the moral acts of Christian existence. The perfection of Christ - the integrity and...

Scriptures inspiration

Evangelicals take seriously the Bible's own testimony to its nature.6 Besides the view of Jesus himself, the most central passage is 2 Timothy 3 16-17 All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, so that everyone who belongs to God may be proficient, equipped for every good work'' NRSV . Biblical inspiration is not a matter of romantic or ecstatic genius, a genus of the species enjoyed by artists. Rather, the term...