In terms of a correct distinction between Creator and creation, the theological answer to the question of God's relationship to time seems to have been taken for granted for centuries:158 God is beyond time, since time means finiteness and changeability, whereas God is distinguished from creation by being infinite and immutable.159
One can change perspective, however, and ask: Can a God who is exclusively beyond time truly be God? Would the unrelatedness herein implied not be understood as a deficiency? Thus, Paul Tillich writes: "If we call God a living God, we affirm that he includes temporality and with this a relation to the modes of time."160 There was much argument in this direction during the twentieth century, in order "to liberate the concept of God from its Babylonian captivity as an abstract contrast to the concept of time."161
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