He was fighting his battle and he was revealing himself. Since God's throne is established on Mercy and Judgment, Jesus was demonstrating His Lordship! How so? Jesus wrote in the dust before all the people to pronounce judgment and to show mercy at the same time. In doing one He was able to do the other, for as the accusers were judged, the woman received forgiveness! (Psalm 9:16 says "The LORD is known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands." Since the Lord is know by the judgment he executes, this is one way He reveals Himself for Who He is!)
Now besides that, what Jesus did was to use the law to convict them of sin. Romans 5:13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.) shows the purpose of the law was to convict of sin. Here the Pharisees not only made fools of themselves, they are guilty of breaking the very law they are trying to use against the woman. Why? Because that law applied to them! The prohibition against adultery applied to the woman. There was no question about her guilt. The entire dispute is over the penalty for sin. The law proscribing the death penalty for the two parties involved in adultery was binding on them. The judges of Israel were required to carry it out. Doesn't the law speak to them when it says "... so shalt thou put away evil from Israel." This they clearly failed to do; it was never even their intention. They could not even come close since they had let one of the guilty ones go free. "How long will ye judge unjustly, ..." was the rebuke he gave in Ps. 82:2, it is equally descriptive of the situation here.
Now moving along, note also that it says "Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst" and in verse 10, "When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman". In the natural sense of the text it is understood to mean all the accusers had left. But in the literal sense it says all the people had left as well. (This is one of those cases, where something that does not quite make sense in the literal, that just doesn't add up, is used to point to a spiritual meaning.) When the accusers were driven back, Jesus was alone with the woman. What about the people? Symbolically the people are part of the woman. There are no neutral spectators in this situation. You are part of the woman or your part is with the enemies of God. The people are the temple, the temple is the church. The church is the woman, the woman is you and I. And we are the bride; and Jesus has eyes only for his bride, he " saw none but the woman". And when Jesus arises again, on the last day, at the sound of the last trumpet, it will be to gather his bride to himself with great rejoicing!
And so we need to consider this from the point of view of the accused woman, not that of a spectator. Our position is that of the accused; we the church are guilty as charged and her prayers, all of them, shall be our prayers. So we note that she is humble and repentant, and thereby able to remain standing when others are driven back. As 1st Peter 5:5 says "...and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble."
10 When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?
11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.
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