"A type may be defined as an Old Testament person, event, or thing having historical reality and designed by God to prefigure (foreshadow) in a preparatory way a real person, event, or thing so designated in the New Testament and that corresponds to and fulfills (heightens) the type A type has a predictive or foreshadowing element to it. It looks ahead and anticipates and points to the antitype -the antitype is greater than and superior to the type" (Zuck, Basic Bible Interpretation) 176, 173). "In summary, a type must have at least these five elements: a notable resemblance or correspondence between the type and the antitype, historical reality in both the type and the antitype, a prefiguring or predictive foreshadowing of the antitype by the type, a heightening in which the antitype is greater than the type, and divine design" (Ibid), 175. Examples:
Type: Floodwaters in Noah's day Antitype: Water Baptism (1 Peter 3:21) Type: Sabbath
Antitype: The Christian's spiritual rest (Col. 2:17; Heb. 4:3,9, 11) Type: Sin Offerings
Antitype: Christ's death as an atonement for the sin (Lev. 5:14-6:7; Heb. 10:12) Todd Swift
Is there any scripture offered to support this? No. These 'rules of typology' are strictly man's invention. What does the Bible say? Well the bible speaks of similitudes, types, shadows, figures and allegories. But nowhere does it define these things or restrict their use.
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