The idea of the day of rest is first found in Genesis 2.
And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. (Genesis 2:2)
For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. (Exodus 20:11)
We need to link this to the idea of a place of rest. And then we need to see that the Lord comes to His place of rest on his day of rest. The place of rest is mentioned in Psalm 132, Isaiah 66,and in other verses of Scripture.
Praise waiteth for thee, O God, in Sion: and unto thee shall the vow be performed. (Ps. 65:1)
Psalm 65:1 is a prayer telling the Lord that praise is waiting for Him in Zion [the Church]. The implication is that He, the Lord, must come to Zion where it awaits Him. And a further result is that when He comes to Zion He will find not only praise but also an obedient people. This is because it speaks of the vow being performed, which is to say, His Word being obeyed.
Psalm 132:8 is a prayer for the Lord to come. That is, for Him to come to His place of rest. And the place of rest is shown to be the temple, or the Church in verses 13 and 14.
8 Arise, O LORD, into thy rest; thou, and the ark of thy strength.
13 For the LORD hath chosen Zion; he hath desired it for his habitation.
14 This is my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
Several other verses speak of God's resting place being his dwelling place, the temple or the church.
Thus saith the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest? (Isaiah 66:1)
In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion. (Psalm 76:2)
And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious. (Isaiah 11:10)
The LORD thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing. (Zephaniah 3:17)
From all this we get the picture of God coming to the Church to dwell at a certain point in time. And this time naturally must be on His day of rest. So the day of rest begins with the Lord coming to His temple. And He will do so before His actual return to the earth.
Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. (Malachi 3:1)
Though we have always understood the Church to be the Lords dwelling, there is a certain sense in which the Lord is yet to come to the temple. When He does, He will do so in a big way. It will be The Revelation of Jesus Christ!
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