The New and Everlasting Covenant

Galatians goes on to talk of the promise and relate it to the two covenants.

Ga 4:21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman.

23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.

24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.

25 For this Agar is, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

As a side note, check the language in verse 21. It asks, do you not hear the law. It doesn't ask if you have read the law or know the law, it asks if you hear the law. Then in verse 24 he explains that it is an allegory. In other words, if you do not pick up on the idea that the story of Abrahams 2 sons is an allegory, you are not hearing the law. He that hath an ear, let him hear.

Now verse 24 gives us the idea that the promise to Abraham is also related to the new covenant or new testament. The two mountains, correspond to the bond woman and the free woman; the old covenant and the new covenant. You can see this contrast spelled out in Hebrews 12.

Heb 12:18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:

20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:

21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,

23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,

24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

Note that here the mountain that burnt with fire is the Mt. Sinai; and Mount Zion is the heavenly Jerusalem, Jerusalem which is above as mentioned in Galatians 4.

This tells us the Gospel message is a promise of a new covenant. What exactly is the new covenant? Hebrews mentions it twice.

Heb 8:8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:

9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.

10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

Heb 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; 17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

Here is another description from Jeremiah 32.

Jer 32:40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.

Here we see that this new covenant will make it so that his people will not depart from him. Ezekiel explains it this way:

Eze 36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.

27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.

The Lord is promising that he will cause us to obey him! Note especially verse 27. This is telling us that he will cause us to obey by putting his Spirit in us. On other words, God says I will put my spirit in you that you might not sin against me. So the promise of a new covenant is also the promise of the Spirit.

So we can add another line to our list

The Gospel message is a promise of a kingdom to come.

The Gospel message is a promise of entering into His Rest [Mt. Zion].

The Gospel message is a promise of a New Covenant

The Gospel message is a promise of the Spirit.

There are many other aspects of this, Hebrews 3 mentions one of them.

Heb 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;

The Gospel of the Kingdom is expressed in Heb 3:14 as a promise to be made 'partakers of Christ' Unity of the Brethren

This promise is also a promise of unity. Psalm 133 tells us that Mt. Zion is to be a place of unity. Ps 133: <<A Song of degrees of David.>>

1 Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!

2 It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;

3 As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore.

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