So what is Replacement Theology

We will look at several definitions.

Michael L Brown writes:

Look at how relevant God's prophetic word is to our day and age. For centuries the Church, in arrogance, because of ignorance, claimed that she alone was the true Israel, that she had replaced the ancient covenant people. The Church taught that it was the Christians alone who were the true Jews. (How strange that these Christians were not claiming to be Jewish during the Holocaust!) The Church taught emphatically that the physical people of Israel (those who were ethnically Jewish and those who joined the nation through conversion to Judaism) were eternally rejected.

Here's a quote from a group that teaches Replacement Theology.

"Whatever the Jews, as a nation, may do, now or in the time to come, is in no way related to the former promises made to them. With the crucifixion of Christ they forever forfeited their special position as God's chosen people. Any idea that the return of the Jews to their ancestral home, that is, to the new state of Israel, may in any way be related to Bible prophecy is the product of wishful thinking on the part of misguided, even if sincere, religious enthusiasts, and is without valid Scriptural foundation." (Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Vol. 4, p. 33)

Note what's being said here in that last quote from a solid Replacement Theology church. That is: The restoration of the Nation and State of Israel has nothing to do with bible prophecy. Talk about denying the obvious! That's like saying lightning has nothing to do with thunder

Derek Prince writes:

In ministering to the body of Christ, I have discovered that many Christians find fault with God because He is restoring the Jewish people—and they feel the Jews don't deserve it. But that is the very essence of favor: getting what you don't deserve. One result of that way of thinking is "replacement theology," which claims that because the Jews have fallen out of favor with God, all of their promises default to the church.

By implication, "the church" does deserve God's favor. But this leaves me with an unresolved problem. In more than sixty years of ministry, I have yet to discover a church that actually does deserve God's favor.

Note here how Prince, with elegant simplicity, nails the key issue of grace, Gods undeserved favor. He says the very essence of favor: getting what you don't deserve.

Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

It was Derek Prince who came up with the idea of parallel restoration. That is that Israel is being restored and at the same time the Church is being restored. This was based on comparisons of parallel events in recent history. Zionism became popular early in the 20th century while the church was having a the great Pentecostal revival. Israel became a state about the time of the great postwar healing revival. The recapture of Jerusalem took place about the time of the Charismatic renewal. So restoration was happening to both groups at the same time. Back to our topic.

Clarence H. Wagner, Jr. writes:

Perhaps you have heard of the term Replacement Theology. However, if you look it up in a dictionary of Church history, you will not find it listed as a systematic study. Rather, it is a doctrinal teaching that originated in the early Church. It became the fertile soil from which Christian anti-Semitism grew and has infected the Church for nearly 1,900 years.

Replacement Theology was introduced to the Church shortly after Gentile leadership took over from Jewish leadership. What are its premises?

He lists 5:

1. Israel (the Jewish people and the land) has been replaced by the Christian Church in the purposes of God, or, more precisely, the Church is the historic continuation of Israel to the exclusion of the former.

2. The Jewish people are now no longer a "chosen people." In fact, they are no different from any other group, such as the English, Spanish, or Africans.

3. Apart from repentance, the new birth, and incorporation into the Church, the Jewish people have no future, no hope, and no calling in the plan of God. The same is true for every other nation and group.

4. Since Pentecost of Acts 2, the term "Israel," as found in the Bible, now refers to the Church.

5. The promises, covenants and blessings ascribed to Israel in the Bible have been taken away from the Jews and given to the Church, which has superseded them. However, the Jews are subject to the curses found in the Bible, as a result of their rejection of Christ.

There is one more form of Replacement thinking that is sometimes found in the writings of teachers who are strongly anti-dispensational or anti pretrib rapture. This variation says that the Church has not replaced Israel but that the Church is Israel. By this they mean that God's covenant was never with the people of Old Israel as a whole but only with those within that nation who were truly believers. And so the congregation of Israel today consists of all the believers who put their faith in Jesus. So that we call the church as a believing body is just a continuation of the congregation of Israel from old testament times. That's what they mean by saying the church is Israel.

Wagner puts it like this: the Church is the historic continuation of Israel to the exclusion of the former ...

We will look more at this idea later. Now while this is not strictly saying the church has replaced Israel, the results are the same as far as the attitude toward modern Israel. Modern Israel is totally disregarded.

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