That blindness on the part of Israel is symbolized by a veil. Here we find it mentioned in second Corinthians.
2 Corinthians 3:13 And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished:
14 But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ.
15 But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.
16 Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away.
The key idea here is the blindness is removed when Israel's heart returns to God.
In the Gospels Jesus weeps over Jerusalem, knowing they will miss the time of their visitation. Then he states a condition they must meet before he will come to them again. And in the same breath, he prophesies that they will meet that condition at a set time. The condition is that they must call upon him, saying: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. The time for this to happen comes, as we read in Romans 11 above, after the fullness of the gentiles comes in. Then follows the completion of the redemption of natural Israel. This is a key factor in the Second Coming.
34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not!
35 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate: and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until the time come when ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.
"When you [Israel] are in distress and all these things have come upon you, in the latter days, you will return to the LORD your God and listen to His voice. For the Lord your God is a compassionate God; He will not fail you nor destroy you nor forget the covenant with your fathers which He swore to them." [Some translations say: if you will return.]
3 Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts.
Here the word for turn can also be translated return. And seeing it this way makes it a direct reference to the second coming. This really blew me away when I first saw it. Like God is saying to Israel: Return to me and I will return to you. Luke 13:35 quoted above says you won't see me again till you repent and say Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. Which means that when you repent, etc. you will see me again. And here in Zechariah 1 he is saying when you repent, I will return. Exactly the same thing! And here is how he grants that repentance:
And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.
Revelation 1 refers to the same scripture. Revelation 1
7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.
Here are a few more references that link the redemption of Israel with the second coming.
4 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the LORD their God.
20 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve.
12 Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel: and because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel
13 For, lo, he that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought, that maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, The LORD, The God of hosts, is his name.
Here in Amos, verse 12 speaks of Israel meeting their God while verse 13 where it says maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth speaks of the second coming. In effect this is saying Israel will meet their God at the second coming.
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